The hectic and stressful life of big cities does not always allow healthy and balanced meals in a quiet and cozy environment. This lifestyle does not provide a healthy diet. Many nutrients end up getting lost, or getting out of our diet.
The practicality and versatility of industrialized products are often brought to the forefront, while health is being overlooked.
For this reason, many people are looking for nutritional supplements, but it would be much better if they sought to reevaluate their eating habits by bringing fruits, vegetables and vegetables from the supermarket instead of potato chips, industrialized frozen, stuffed biscuits, etc. Are we saying that food supplement is bad, then? We will see below that not quite!
Defining Food Supplement
The definition for food supplement is fully self-explanatory, ie a food supplement is a component that, when incorporated into a diet, will complement it.
In no way can you substitute a meal, and will only bring good results when it is part of a healthy diet. The big problem is their rampant consumption by some people, who buy all kinds available, and take them out of control.
Even a reputable manufacturer's dietary supplement, with balanced formulation in vitamins, amino acids, minerals, etc., should not be taken improperly as it would be one of the cases in which food supplement does badly.
It would be quite interesting if it was prescribed by a doctor, nutrologist or nutritionist, that way, there would be certainty of their real need, as well as the daily dosage required.
What is an
food supplement? A food supplement should, in principle, meet the following requirements:
- To satisfactorily supplement a diet, to replenish nutrients and supply nutritional deficiencies;
- Contain, strictly, all the nutrients prescribed in its formulation;
- It was developed to be taken, solely and exclusively, orally;
- Be free of impurities, and / or other substances added in order to increase its volume, but unhealthy.
How to know if the supplement for sale is of good quality?
- Ask a professional in the area;
- Do not just pay attention to sellers who are often unaware of the origin of the product and just want to sell it;
- If possible, seek information from people who consume it;
- Ignore information in inserts available at the point of sale. They will only bring advantages.
Does food supplement hurt?
Everything may be good or bad for the body, depending on how it is to be used. It is very important to observe the doses appropriate to the weight, height and lifestyle of the eventual consumer.
Let's go over the top supplements for sale, to understand if any food supplement really does bad.
- Omega 3 supplements, for example, are well sold in Brazil. They usually have good results, are widely publicized in the media, and the medical class has no restrictions on their consumption, except in exceptional cases. They help the body to replenish this fatty acid in a simple way;
- Abusive dosages of certain supplements may harm the liver and kidneys, so diabetics, hypertensives, and people with a history of liver problems and anemia should not use supplements without medical advice;
- A food supplement does bad when it causes allergic reactions. Although not common, they are not impossible either. People who have already presented pictures allergic to some of the nutrients found in the formulas should abstain from consumption;
- Amino acid-based supplements may trigger intestinal, liver, and kidney problems in people who are prone to these pathologies;
- Whenever consumed without criteria, in doses higher than those recommended by your doctor and / or nutritionist, the supplement may not do health good;
- Glutamine should be kept out of the food of pregnant women. It can cause cirrhosis, kidney problems and Reye's syndrome, if consumed without caution;
- A food supplement is wrong when the person abandons conventional medical treatment and chooses to take it, to the detriment of prescribed medications;
- If interacting with medications, not being included in the category of medicines, supplements do not go through surveys to test their possible interactions;
- Thermogenics may cause arrhythmias and insomnia by speeding up metabolism;
- BCAA at doses greater than 20 grams daily may cause gastrointestinal distress;
- Pregnant women will be able to take folic acid supplementation to prevent birth defects in infants, but unless for medical advice, they should stay away from other types of supplements.
Types of Food Supplements
There are many types of supplements available. Let's talk about the best known. They are:
They are the most common and easily found. They bring the major vitamins needed by our body. In some cases, it will not be enough to replace these vitamins without knowing the causes that are causing the body not to absorb them. If the consumption of a multivitamin does not bring results, seek medical advice.
It is one of the most sought after and, consequently, one of the most used without caution. With the promise that they accelerate the metabolism and help in burning fat, thermogenic supplements should not be consumed without a prescription.
It is most commonly used by athletes seeking a hyperprotein diet, for muscle building and recovery.
Also most commonly used by physical activity practitioners, to aid in gaining muscle mass if associated with exercise.
These are amino acids that our body does not produce. They help in energy production and muscle recovery.
It is used in the post-workout period to relieve muscle stress and leave the body ready for the next training.
How to take a food supplement safely?
- In every medical consultation, when informing the doctor of the medicines you take, do not forget to mention the supplements, as the case may be;
- Never take a higher dose than recommended;
- Do not take supplements indicated by third parties, in a light manner, without further information;
- If you are going to undergo some type of surgery, be sure to inform the type and frequency of the supplements you usually take, to avoid risks before, during and after surgery.
Are there any risk in taking supplements?
There are always risks. Nothing is 100% reliable, because we are treating people, and this fact, in itself, implies risks, due to the different responses that each organism can have to the components.
Some supplements contain active ingredients that may cause side effects.
Some actions should be avoided. They are:
- Make a cocktail of various supplements;
- Use medication supplements without proper medical advice;
- Replacement of prescriptions by supplements;
- Exceed the recommended amounts.
Wrong Information on
Supplements While most food supplements bring health benefits, you need to be aware of misleading advertisements such as:
- Heals everything. Some manufacturers promise impossible things. Be alert when the promises are too good to be true;
- Used in the treatment of diseases. There is little or no evidence that supplements can reverse the course of any type of disease;
- Fully safe and without side effects ;
- 100% natural product. This is impossible. Once it has been tampered with, and has undergone some industrial process, it can not be classified that way;
- Beware of imported products, bought on the internet, where it is much more difficult to verify their origin, suitability of their manufacturers, etc.;
- Information on the bottle or media, of the type "certified", "verified", "standardized", does not guarantee the quality of the product.
Supplements may help in a diet where there are nutrient deficiencies, especially for some groups of people who, for different reasons, may be going through a worrying phase of food shortage.
In this case, they can accelerate the process, but with exceptions, it is possible to acquire the same ingredients naturally, since vitamins, minerals, proteins and the like, are present in the common foods of our day to day.