Diabetes is a serious disease that has hit more than 177 million people in 2000, according to the World Health Organization. The expectation is that this number will only increase, with an estimated reach of more than 350 million people in around 2025of the world. In Brazil, for example, there are more than 10 million people with this disease.
Having adequate information about the disease can greatly help in the care and treatment of patients and also in helping the family members who have to cope with the disease. Know below 11 symptoms of type 1 diabetes and learn how to deal with this disease on a daily basis.
What is diabetes?
Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease characterized by the partial or total destruction of pancreatic cells, causing the inability to produce the hormone insulin progressively. This destruction process can take months or years and the symptoms appear more effectively from the destruction of at least 80% of these cells.
The hormone insulin is responsible for transporting glucose from the blood into the cells for it to be used as an energy source. When there is no total release of the insulin needed, the use of glucose as an energy source is impaired and as a consequence, an increase in blood sugar levels occurs.
- See also: How Insulin Spikes Affect Your Body and How to Avoid It.
Insulin is a hormone essential for the body, acting on the metabolism of glucose, proteins and fats, transporting glucose to the cells, promoting the storage of the same, as glycogen, in the muscles and liver cells, helpingin the process of entering the amino acids in cells to perform protein synthesis and also influencing the accumulation of body fat.
What types of diabetes?
There are two types of diabetes. The so-called "type 1", which is genetic, is more common in young people and children. Type 1 diabetes is characterized by insufficient insulin production by cells in the pancreas. Diabetes known as "type 2" is acquired throughout life, and is usually diagnosed in adulthood, and is associated with poor eating habits, overweight, and sedentary lifestyle.
Type 1 diabetes is a disease that requires a lot of daily care with food, lifestyle and also the type of treatment that will be performed. Therefore, everyone in the family needs to understand how the symptoms of type 1 diabetes work to know the disease properly and also to know what the necessary care for the patient is.
Feeding the patient with type 1 diabetes should be monitored constantly to ensure a blood glucose balance, and a complete, balanced and nutritious diet that will help in the proper control of blood glucose without serious damage to othersaspects of health.
Several studies have already shown that adequate physical training can improve the quality of life of patients with diabetes, helping to increase insulin sensitivity, promoting better metabolism control and also helping to prevent cardiovascular diseases, which are quite common in patientswith diabetes.
Type 1 diabetes is a chronic and progressive disease that has no cure but can be easily controlled with some daily care. The basic treatment performed by many patients is the use of insulin, which should start as soon as the disease is diagnosed and can be performed with multiple doses of insulin using syringes, pens or a continuous infusion system.
With the accumulation of glucose and the lack of transport of the same to the cells, the tissues are not receiving adequate energy. This can cause numerous symptoms of type 1 diabetes, as will be shown below.
What are the symptoms of type 1 diabetes?
Diabetes is a disease that affects the whole organism and may have more serious complications and symptoms if it is not diagnosed correctly and early, or if the disease is not adequately controlled.
These complications can significantly affect patients' quality of life, especially those who remain with high blood glucose rates for many years.
Type 1 diabetes is usually diagnosed in childhood and adolescence. The patient does not have insulin production by the pancreas and the glucose does not enter the cell, causing the increase of the levels of this in the blood.
Hyperglycemia, which occurs due to high blood glucose levels, reduces the efficiency of cells in absorbing amino acids and other key nutrients, causing various problems to the body. Here are 11 symptoms of type 1 diabetes:
1. Need to urinate several times a day
One of the simplest and most present symptoms of type 1 diabetes is the increased urge to urinate. Usually, this symptom occurs suddenly and for no apparent reason. It is caused by a process called osmotic diuresis, ie it is the increase in urge to urinate due to the presence of some substances in the renal tubes.
2. Excessive hunger
Overeating is also another rather characteristic symptom of type 1 diabetes and occurs because when glucose does not reach the cells properly, the body then sends the message back to the brain that the bodyneeds to be fed to have enough energy. The body can not store glucose inside cells and is always hungry.
3. Weight Loss
One of the symptoms of type 1 diabetes is the weight loss that happens even though the patient has adequate nutrition. This occurs because the glucose that is ingested through food is not taken advantage of by metabolism correctly, due to the low levels of the hormone insulin.
In order to achieve energy, the body uses the stored fat as an alternative source and causes the process of weight loss.
4. Excessive overdrive
When insulin can not transport all of the glucose present in the blood, part of this excess is eliminated through the urine, causing the urge to urinate constantly and, in this way, the body becomes very thirsty due to eliminationof liquids that need to be replaced.
5. Decreased function of the
kidneys The kidneys, which are responsible for blood filtration, become overloaded as a result of increased glucose levels, which can cause minor damage to the blood vessels, causing damage to the renal function.
Severe cases of chronic renal failure are irreversible and can be lethal, requiring in these cases a process called hemodialysis, which replaces the filtration performed by the kidneys.
6. Healing Problems
With the increase of the amount of glucose in the blood and the reduction of the entrance of this nutrient in the cells, the tissues are not receiving adequate energy, causing problems of vascularization and increasing the difficulty of cicatrization.
7. Tiredness and lack of energy
Glucose is the main source of energy for the cells and when it does not arrive properly, the body starts to work with low amount of fuel, causing very apparent symptoms of fatigue, fatigue, lack of concentrationand focus, among others.
8. Presence of eye problems
The eyes suffer greatly from the poor blood circulation that occurs as a result of the accumulation of glucose in the blood, causing various eye injuries that often happen slowly. The cases of blurred vision, cataract problems, glaucomas and, in more severe situations of the disease, even cases of blindness in patients with type 1 diabetes are quite common.
9. Tingling sensation
Another region that is greatly impaired by the diseaseblood circulation is the brain, causing many neurological complications in patients with diabetes. Many symptoms of type 1 diabetes are reported as lack of sensitivity in hands and feet, tingling sensations, among others.
10. Increased vascular problems
Patients with type 1 diabetes are at increased risk of developing heart-related diseases, vascular problems such as stroke and artery disease in the arms and legs. In this way, the care related to proper nutrition and physical exercise helps to control these problems and also helps control cholesterol levels.
11. Increased amount of ketones in the blood
When insulin production is insufficient for the entire transport of glucose to the cells, they begin to use the stored fat in the body to obtain the necessary energy, producing during this processa group of substances called ketones.
Ketones are acids that accumulate in the bloodstream and urine, causing a poisoning of the body. When these levels are very high, there is a picture called diabetic ketoacidosis. This condition is serious and can lead the patient to coma or even death.
Type 1-Diabetes-Symptoms //www.mayoclinic.org/ Type 1-Diabetes-Symptoms
Have you noticed any of these symptoms of type 1 diabetes in yourself or any family member? Do you believe that you can have the condition? Comment below!