Mastoiditis - What It Is, Symptoms and Treatmentthat everyone should be aware. In additionMastoiditisis an unusual bacterial infection of the mastoid bone behind the ear. It is usually seen in children, although adults can sometimes be affected. The mastoid bone has a honeycomb structure-it contains air spaces, called mastoid cells, that help maintain the air space in the middle ear (see photo, left).Mastoiditiscan develop when mastoid cells become infected or inflamed, usually as a result of a persistent middle ear infection. So, check out all aboutMastoiditis - What It Is, Symptoms and Treatment:
What Mastoiditis is:THEMastoiditisSee a bacterial infection located in the mastoid process, a prominence of the temporal bone behind the ear. The mastoid bone consists of air spaces that help drain the middle ear.
Symptoms of Mastoiditis:The manifestations begin to appear generally after two or more weeks of a case of acute otitis media. As the infection spreads, internal areas of the mastoid process are being destroyed. The formation of an abscess in the bone is very likely. The skin that has the function of covering the mastoid bone ends up becoming swollen, painful and red. The outer ear moves to one side and becomes lower.
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- Ear discomfort;
- Ear pain;
- Secretion coming from the ear;
- Fevers that appear abruptly.
In the face of these symptoms a physician should be consulted soon. Although not a serious illness, it can become quite complicated without proper treatment. Often it takes a hospital stay, because it can be difficult to reach the depth needed to get to the mastoid bone..
Causes of Mastoiditis:Commonly, this disorder occurs when an untreated or inadequately treated acute otitis media spreads from the middle ear to the surrounding temporal bone and reaches the mastoid process. Middle ear bacteria can travel to the air cells of the mastoid bone, infecting them..
In addition, a type of cutaneous cyst in the middle ear, called a cholesteatoma, may block the drainage of the ear, leading toMastoiditis. It can also result from infectious lymphadenopathy.
Prevention of Mastoiditis:Some measures may be taken to preventMastoiditisand other serious infections. We can highlight, for example, the need for good hygiene and hearing protection. A towel or gauze should be used daily to clean the ears. The internal zone can not, however, be cleaned with swabs, as injury or inflammation can be caused.
The ear wax comes out naturally, it is not necessary to remove the excess. Air currents should be avoided, especially on cold days. Children need protection in the ear after bathing, just as the area must always be very dry. Noise from loud television or music at too high a volume should be avoided. It is also unwise to put babies' heads underwater..
If your child has an ear infection, it is preferable not to fly, as the higher air pressure can cause pain. Although the child has no problem, she feels much more pressure than the adult on the plane. Chewing gum during flight and drinking water helps reduce the discomfort.
In addition to these measures, it is important that all disturbances in the ear are properly treated, especially the otitis media. Otherwise the situations will be recurrent and the disorders constant.
Mastoiditis Treatment:Although it is not a serious illness, hospitalization is almost always necessary to treatMastoiditis. Antibiotics need to be applied through injections and it can be a bit tricky to reach the depth needed for both outside the hospital setting..
After a period of treatment the medicines are administered orally. In some situations surgery may be required to drain fluid. The practitioner usually suggests a procedure in which a small opening is made on the eardrum to ensure drainage and pressure relief..
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The prognosis ofMastoiditistends to be quite positive. The disease has already been the cause of the death of many children, however after the advent of antibiotics was considered less serious. It is necessary to consult a doctor before the symptoms, so that it correctly evaluates each case and indicates the best solution. Under no circumstances should self-medication be performed..
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