Adenocarcinoma: What is it? Causes, Treatment and Prevention


Adenocarcinoma is a malignant cancer, originating in glandular tissues, whichattacks the ability to secrete substances into the body.The tumor can affect numerous organs of the body including the stomach, esophagus, intestine, prostate, breasts, gall bladder, lungs, uterus and pancreas.


Unfortunately,adenocarcinoma is a very aggressive type of tumor, as it can spread through the body. Besides that,the prognosis is not very favorable, since surgical removal is quite difficult.


How to identify adenocarcinoma?

Adenocarcinoma is diagnosed as other cancers: it will depend on the affected organ;the identification of the tumor is made by imaging and biopsy in the region.

The symptoms of adenocarcinoma may vary depending on the affected organ, sincein some regions of the body they may grow asymptomatic. However, there may be some changes in the body, which make it easier to identify the problem, check:

  • Adenocarcinoma in the lungs:is one of the most common forms of tumor appearance, which may occur in people who smoke or smoke. It is usually asymptomatic and is usually identified with routine chest x-ray examinations.

In rare cases, you may experience symptoms of wheezing, weight loss, chest pain, and dyspnoea;

  • Adenocarcinoma uterus:in the initial stage, is without symptoms. As the tumor progresses, intermittent bleeding, foul smelling discharge and abdominal pain may occur;
  • Adenocarcinoma in the intestine:usually the tumor is identified in the colon and also has no early-stage symptoms. You may have rectal bleeding, faecal occult blood, anemia, changes in bowel habits and the earlier stage, and water in the belly;
  • Adenocarcinoma of the pancreas:most types of malignant tumors in the pancreas are adenocarcinomas. The disease is silent in this organ, usually caused by some metastasis of the gallbladder or intestine.

If there are symptoms, they may be: weight loss, pain and jaundice;

  • Adenocarcinoma in the breast:the first symptom is a very hard, single nodule that does not hurt or move. Thereafter, breast deformity, nipple retraction, growth of the auxiliary ganglia and secretion in the breast may occur;
  • Adenocarcinoma in the stomach:full stomach sensation, abdominal pain, intolerance to eating meat and difficulty swallowing. In advanced cases, it may be possible to feel the tumor palpable in the epigastrium region.

Possible Causes of Adenocarcinoma

The causes of adenocarcinoma have not yet been clarified, however, are pointed out some possible factors that may contribute to the problem, they are:

  • Genetics;
  • Pollution;
  • Advanced age;
  • Smoking;
  • Hormone replacement in the case of tumors in the breast;
  • Wrong eating habits in case of tumors in the stomach and intestine.

Treatment of adenocarcinoma

Treatment of adenocarcinoma will depend on the stage of the disease. In cases where the tumor is discovered early on, there are good chances of cure. However,the patient should be followed up for 5 years after following all the indicated clinical and radiological treatment.

The patient is surgically removed from the tumor and then chemotherapy or radiation therapy.

How to prevent adenocarcinoma

According to several experts,the way to reduce the possibility of having an adenocarcinoma is to decrease the risk factors. However,there are no ways to prevent 100%, since there are unknown causes, especially heredity.

However, the chances of a healthy person developing the disease when exposed to environmental, occupational, and unregulated lifestyle factors may increase, these are the so-called risk factors.

To reduce these factors of development of an Adenocarcinoma, it is necessary to:

  • Quit smoking;
  • Maintain a healthy weight;
  • Reduce alcohol consumption;
  • Doing physical activity periodically;
  • Maintain a balanced diet with natural products and avoid industrialized products such as excess sugar and flour.

According to the International Agency for Research on Cancer,some groups of drugs may increase the risk of cancer in the population, are usually those based on hormones, immunosuppressants and antineoplastics.

Medical specialty dealing with Adenocarcinoma

Generally, adenocarcinomais diagnosed by the medical specialty of the affected organ, which can be Gastro, Gynecologist and Urologist.However, the treatment goes on in Oncology with the clinical doctor specializing in cancer issues.

Keeping a regular routine checkup schedule can increase the chances of success in treating adenocarcinoma.