OverweightandObesityimply a condition of being overweight in a human being. The term Overweight is generally used to indicate excessWeightwhile Obese refers to excess offat.
Being overweight means having more weight than is considered normal or healthy for age or size. On the other hand, Obesity is the condition of being obese, for example, amount of excess fat in the body. Although an overweight person is overweight, they may or may not have excessive fat accumulation.
Comparison Chart Between Overweight and Obesity
|What is?||A body condition marked by excess deposits and fat storage.||A condition in which the person weighs more than is considered normal for that height, age and sex.|
|Calculation||BMI is greater than 30.||BMI is between 25 and 29.9|
|Risk factors||Coronary disease, hypertension, diabetes.||Depression, hypertension|
|Medications / Treatment||Calorie reduction, exercise and surgery in extreme cases||Exercises, reduction of food intake.|
|Causes||Increased intake of food, eating fast foods, stress, depression, hormonal imbalance, sedentary lifestyle||More food intake than is spent by the body, genetics.|
|Occurrence||More than 300 million people are obese in the world||It is estimated that about 1 billion people are overweight in the world|
|Geographically||Highest occurrence and increasing in North America, UK, Eastern Europe, Middle East, Pacific Islands, Australasia and China.||Overall|
|In children||About 5% of the 22 million overweight children under five years of age are clinically obese.||22 million children under five are overweight.|
Calculating Normal or Healthy Weight
One way to distinguish between overweight and obesity is to calculate BMI (body mass index). An adult is considered to be "overweight" when he is above his stipulated healthy weight, which varies according to the height and sex of a person. It is believed that the ideal weight for any adult corresponds to its ideal weight from 20 to 30 years.
An individual is overweight when his BMI is between 25 and 2,. BMI, a calculation that measures weight relative to height, is the standard used by researchers to define a person's weight according to their height. An adult with a BMI of 30 or more is considered obese.
Obesity is excess fat compared to lean muscle mass, or a weight that is 30% overweight ideal for a specific height. A person is obese when the amount of adipose tissue is high enough. Obesity is a chronic disorder, caused by a complex variety of factors.
Medically, obesity is a condition of the body characterized by excess accumulation of fat under the skin and around some internal organs, while overweight is more than ideal weighing for age, gender, and height. Being overweight does not necessarily imply excess fat. People like athletes, bodybuilders can be overweight and not obese.
Causes of Overweight and Obesity
A person may be overweight for one of the following reasons: Overeating, sedentary lifestyle, lack of exercise, eating disorders or metabolic disorders, medical conditions, etc.
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While these factors can also lead to obesity, it can also be caused by social and lifestyle changes, problems, hormonal imbalance, genetic conditions and may be worsened by increased food intake and lack of Exercises.
Obesity is a major risk factor for health problems including coronary disease, diabetes, hypertension, etc. Although an overweight person is also at risk from these medical problems, an obese person is more susceptible to them.
Obese people have a high risk of depression and other social problems. Obesity is an excess of fat enough to shorten life expectancy and make a person susceptible to more illnesses than would occur if their weight were normal. Caloric imbalance often develops from a combination of genetic and environmental factors. A combination of excessive intake of nutrients and a sedentary lifestyle can cause obesity.
The safest way to lose weight in both cases is to reduce calories (balanced diet) and increase physical activities. In cases of excessive obesity, a person can undergo surgery.
What is your BMI? Can you tell if you are overweight? Comment below on your situation!(8votes, average:, 5of 5)