Medicines

Omeprazole - What It Is Used, How To Take And Indications

With the expressive increase of levels of stress, anxiety and also with bad eating habits, there has been an increase in the indices of stomach problems worldwide today.

Research shows that chronic stress is today responsible for numerous diseases, as it deregulates various functions of the body and weakens the immune system, leaving the body more susceptible to many diseases, including stomach diseases such as gastritis and the ulcers.

Omeprazole is one of the most commonly used medications for these problems and many people question whether this remedy does badly and how it should be used correctly. Know below what omeprazole is, know what it is for, how to take and what the indications of this medicine are used.

Stomach problems and illnesses

The stomach is a muscular, hollow and elastic organ that is able to undergo dilation upon receiving food, aiding in the digestion and passage of food to the rest of the digestive tract. The stomach releases approximately 3 liters of fluids per day, including mucus, water and digestive enzymes.

Stomach acid is important for the performance of digestion and decomposition of food, helping defense against invasive micro-organisms that may enter through food or stomach.

The gastric juice is formed, basically, by water, enzymes (among them the pepsinogen, which is activated as pepsin and trypsin when in contact with water), inorganic salts, hydrochloric acid and acid lactic acid. Its main function is to provide the digestion of food, mainly proteins, and its pH is normally of,.

The food can remain in the stomach for up to four hours or more, mixing with the gastric juice aided by contractions of the stomach muscles.

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The level of acidity is fundamental to ensure proper release of digestive enzymes, however, when a change occurs in the pH or volume of the acidic secretions of the stomach, this can affect the digestive function, damaging parts of the stomach wall.

Both the low amount of acid in the stomach (known as hypochlorhydria) and the high amount of acid (known as hyperchlorhydria) can cause significant health problems.

What is omeprazole and what is this remedy for?

Omeprazole is a generic medicine that acts in the body reducing the amount of acid produced by the stomach. This medication is well indicated to treat the innumerable health problems caused by the excess production of acid in the stomach, among them the problems of gastric and duodenal ulcers, problems of gastroesophageal reflux (which occurs when gastric gastric juice rises to the esophagus) and may also be used in combination with antibiotic medicines to treat ulcers caused by infections associated with bacteriumHelycobacter pylori.

Omeprazole may also be used in the treatment of Zollinger-Ellison's disease which is a condition in which the stomach produces more acid than normal. In addition, omeprazole can be used to prevent gastrointestinal bleeding in very patients, and can be used to treat dyspepsia and reduce the symptoms of heartburn, indigestion, belching and acidity. high.

What are the side effects and contraindications of omeprazole?

Many people question whether omeprazole is harmful. And, like any medicine, it can have several side effects with its use.

Many of the adverse reactions, when present, usually appear with mild intensity, disappearing with the continuation of the treatment or even with the suspension of the use of the medicine. The most common side effects are headache, diarrhea, constipation, abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting, flatulence, loss of appetite, tiredness, weakness and malaise. In the presence of any adverse reaction, seek medical advice immediately.

Other less frequent symptoms, but may be present with the use of this medication, are dizziness, insomnia, dizziness, drowsiness, paresthesia (burning sensation, numbness and tingling in the skin), increased liver enzymes, rash or itching, hives, redness of the eyes, mental confusion, blister or bleeding from the lips, dark urine or blood, agitation, aggressiveness, hallucinations, depression, good dryness, stomatitis, gastrointestinal candidiasis, muscle weakness, tachycardia, apathy, nervousness, anxiety, among many others.

  • See too:Does Omeprazole become fat or lose weight?

Some studies also show that overuse of omeprazole can impair the absorption of vitamins and minerals, thus causing many health problems, such as osteoporosis and anemia. Researchers have concluded that this is because omeprazole inhibits the production of substances that help the body to absorb nutrients. This medicine reduces the acidity of the stomach which is essential to prevent the arrival of bacteria into the intestine.

With the overuse of omeprazole, the stomach stays for a long time with low acidity, reducing metabolism and impairing the withdrawal of some minerals from food, such as iron and the calcium. Lack of iron can cause anemia and lack of calcium can lead to the development of osteopenia and, later, osteoporosis.

With regard to contraindications, omeprazole is not recommended for people with hypersensitivity to the components of the formula, problems with other similar medicines, with a history of liver disease or liver disease, others. The medicine should also not be used by pregnant women without the advice of a doctor.

What is the dosage and how to take it?

Omeprazole is found in oral capsules and should be taken immediately before meals, preferably in the morning. Patients who have difficulty swallowing the capsules can open and mix the microgranules in a small amount of water or fruit juice, ingesting immediately after opening the capsule. These microgranules should not be chewed and should be thoroughly mixed before ingestion.

Relief of symptoms may take a few days, therefore, to aid in the relief of stomach pains, the antacids may be used in conjunction with omeprazole, but should be doctor.

Do not stop the treatment even if you are feeling well or have symptoms reduced. If you forget to take a dose, take it as soon as possible, but do not take two doses at the same time.

The recommended oral dose for adults is 20 mg and should be administered once daily before breakfast, for 2 to 4 weeks in the case of duodenal ulcers and for 4 to 8 weeks for gastric ulcers and esophagitis of reflux.

In patients with Zollinger-Ellison Syndrome, the recommended dosage is usually at the initial and single dose of 60 mg. Doses greater than 80 mg / day should be administered twice. The recommended dose for reflux esophagitis for children over 1 year of age is 10 mg in a single dose, for children over 20 kg, the dose of 20 mg should be used.

Omeprazole is found in pharmacies containing 10 mg, 20 mg and 40 mg capsules in various amounts. The price can vary between 10 and 40 reais, depending on the size of the box and also the establishment. It is easily found, but you need a prescription for the purchase.

Conclusion

Omeprazole is a generic medicine that acts in the body reducing the amount of acid produced by the stomach. This medication is well-suited to treat the numerous health problems caused by excess acid production in the stomach, between problems of gastric and duodenal ulcers, problems of gastroesophageal reflux and ulcers caused by infections associated with bacteriumHelycobacter pylori.

Many people question whether omeprazole is harmful and, like any medicine, it can have several side effects with its use, headache, diarrhea, constipation, abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting, flatulence, loss of appetite, fatigue, weakness, and malaise This medicine can be found in capsules with a price ranging from 10 to 40 reais per carton.

Additional references:

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  • https://beta.nhs.uk/medicines/omeprazole/
  • https://www.rxlist.com/prilosec-drug.htm
  • https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamadermatology/fullarticle/1843885
  • https://www.rheumatology.org/I-Am-A/Patient-Caregiver/Diseases-Conditions/Lupus
  • https://www.accessdata.fda.gov/drugsatfda_docs/label/2016/019810s10, 22056s020lbl.pdf
  • https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailymed/drugInfo.cf? etid = a1b077e6-b070-43f2-a98e-380cc635419d
  • https://www.drugs.com/omeprazole.html

Did you already know what is Omeprazole and its indications? Has this medicine been prescribed to treat any of them? Comment below!

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