Diseases And Treatments

Dysphonia (Hoarseness) - What It Is, Symptoms and Treatments

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Dysphonia (Hoarseness) - What it is, Causes and Treatmentsof this condition that changes the natural characteristics of the voice. In addition, the sound of our voice is produced by the vibration of the vocal chords as the air we breathe out of the lung passes between them. This sound is amplified by the resonance cavities (which are the pharynx, mouth and nose). Once amplified, the sound will be articulated in the oral cavity, through the lips, cheeks, tongue, palate and jaw.

The sound emitted depends on several factors such as sex, age, innervation, muscle tone, quality of mucosa and ligaments and blood supply. The correct name for hoarseness isDysphonia. THEDysphoniais a communication disorder characterized by difficulty in vocal emission, presenting an impediment in the natural production of voice. This impediment can be related to the height, the intensity and / or the quality of the voice. It can be caused by an organic dysfunction, vocal abuse or incorrect use of the voice, psychoemotional changes or also by lack of vocal hygiene. The total absence of the voice is called the Afony.

Causes of Dysphonia (Hoarseness):Dysphonia represents any difficulty or alteration in the natural emission of voice and is the main symptom of oral communication disorder. Changes in voice quality limit the basic function of transmitting the individual's verbal and emotional message and can affect children, adults, and the elderly at any point in life. Several signs and symptoms indicate the presence of changes.

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Some causes of dysphonia:

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  • Respiratory allergies;
  • Laryngeal Cancer;
  • Vocal cyst;
  • Cleft in the vocal folds;
  • Reinke's edema;
  • Granuloma;
  • Gripes or colds;
  • Throat inflammation;
  • Vocal Node (popularly known as vocal callus);
  • Paralysis of vocal fold or larynx;
  • Neurological diseases such as Parkinson's;
  • Polyp;
  • Radiotherapy;
  • Gastroesophageal reflux.

The individual who has dysphonia must undergo an otorhinolaryngological evaluation in order to laryngeal medical diagnosis, and a speech-language assessment, which will describe the vocal. Depending on the diagnosis, medical and / or surgical treatment may be indicated, and medical treatment may be associated with speech therapy before or after intervention. Psychotherapy may also be indicated in some cases.

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Symptoms of Dysphonia (hoarseness):Several signs and symptoms indicate the presence of changes.
The main ones are:

  • Afonia (loss of voice);
  • Hoarseness;
  • Tiredness and effort when speaking;
  • Difficulty of projecting the voice;
  • Voice failure;
  • Uncontrolled frequency variations (acute / severe) of voice;
  • Unpleasant sensations to the emission.

Dysphonia (Hoarseness) Treatments:The speech therapy treatment aims to improve voice use, reduce and eliminate inadequate muscular adjustments, absorb lesions of the larynx (reducing the need for invasive surgical techniques) and to prevent future lesions of the larynx.

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Care of voice:

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  • Moisturizes: drink water daily, preferably at room temperature
  • While talking, drink some sips of water to humidify the throat.
  • Avoid talking or singing competing with loud noises
  • Avoid alcoholic beverages
  • Avoid screaming, coughing or clearing
  • Do not smoke
  • Sleep well
  • Avoid air conditioning. If you can not avoid it, always try to drink water for as long as you are exposed to it.
  • Avoid consumption of milk, chocolate and their derivatives before intense vocal activity, as these foods increase the secretion of mucus in the vocal tract.
  • Eat fibrous foods, such as an apple, which is an astringent, that is, act by cleaning the mouth and pharynx
  • Wear comfortable clothing so your clothing does not interfere with the respiratory
  • Keep your head erect during phonation with both feet resting on the floor as this allows the air to pass freely and the diaphragm works best.
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