Diseases And Treatments

Erliquiosis - What It Is, Causes, Symptoms and Treatments


Erliquiosis -What it is, Causes, Symptoms and Treatmentswhich many are unaware of. In addition, erlichiosis (Erlichiosis) is a bacterial disease transmitted by ticks that causes flu-like symptoms. The signs and symptoms ofErliquiosisrange from mild body aches to severe fever and usually appear within a week or two of a tick bite. If treated promptly with appropriate antibiotics, theErliquiosisusually improves within a few days. Another infection transmitted by ticks - anaplasmosis - is closely related to theErliquiosis. But the two have distinct differences and are caused by different microorganisms.

The best way to prevent these infections is to avoid tick bites. Tick ​​repellents, complete body checks after being out, and proper removal of ticks will give you the best chance of avoiding ticks.Erliquiosis.

Causes of Erythrocyte:THEErliquiosisis caused by ehrlichia bacteria and is mainly transmitted by ticks. The ticks feed on blood, fit into a host, and feed until they become swollen to many times their normal size. During feeding, ticks carrying disease-causing bacteria can transmit the bacteria to a healthy host. Or they can remove the bacteria if the host, such as a white-tailed deer or a coyote, is infected.



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Generally, to obtainErliquiosis, you should be bitten by a tick. The bacteria enter your skin through the bite and eventually enter your bloodstream. Before bacteria can be transmitted, a tick should be attached and feed for at least 24 hours.

A tico bound with a swollen appearance may have been fed enough to have transmitted bacteria. Removing ticks as quickly as possible can prevent infection. It is also possible thatErliquiosiscan be transmitted through blood transfusions, from mother to fetus and through direct contact with an infected and depressed animal.


Symptoms of Erythrocyte:If a tick that carries the bacteria that causes theErliquiosiswas fed by you for at least 24 hours, the following flu-like signs and symptoms may appear - usually within seven to 14 days of the bite:

  • Low fever
  • Headache
  • Chills
  • Muscle aches
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Fatigue
  • Loss of appetite
  • Pain in the joints
  • Confusion
  • Rash
  • Cough

Some people infected withErliquiosismay have symptoms so mild that they never seek medical attention, and the body fights the disease on its own. ButErliquiosisuntreated with persistent symptoms may result in a disease severe enough to require hospitalization.

When to Contact a Physician:It can take up to 14 days after a tick bite so you can begin to show signs and symptoms ofErliquiosis. If you experience symptoms within two weeks after a tick bite, consult your doctor.


If you have any of the above symptoms right after you have been in an area known to have ticks, consult your doctor. Be sure to tell your doctor that you recently received a tick bite or visited an area with a high population of ticks.

Erythrocyte Risk Factors:Erliquiosisspreads when an infected tick bites and feeds on you for 24 hours or more. The following factors may increase your risk of getting tick-borne infections:

  • Be outdoors in warm weather.Most cases ofErliquiosisoccur in the spring and summer months when tick populations are at their peak and people are out more often.
  • Living or visiting an area with a high population of ticks.You are at greater risk if you are in an area with a high tick population. In Brazil, ticks are more common in the Southeastern, East, and Center-South states.
  • Being Man.Infections byErliquiosisare more common in men, possibly due to increased outdoor time for work and recreation.

Complications of Erythrocyte:Without immediate treatment, theErliquiosiscan have serious effects on an otherwise healthy adult or child. People with weakened immune systems are at an even greater risk of more serious and life-threatening consequences. Serious complications of untreated infection include:

  • Renal failure
  • Respiratory failure
  • Cardiac insufficiency
  • Convulsions
  • With the

Tests and Diagnosis of Erythrocyte:Tick-borne infections are difficult to diagnose based on signs and symptoms, such as fever and muscle aches, are similar to many other conditions. Abnormal findings in a series of blood tests, combined with your history of possible exposure, may prompt your doctor to suspect a tick-borne disease. If you haveErliquiosis, your blood tests will probably show:

  • A low white blood cell count - these cells are fighters of body disease
  • A low platelet count - platelets are essential for blood clotting
  • Abnormal hepatic function

More specific blood tests forErliquiosisinclude:

  • Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test. This test helps to identify specific unique genes for theErliquiosis. However, if you have already started treatment, the results of this test may be affected.
  • Indirect fluorescent antibody test (IFA). This test, not used as commonly as the PCR test, measures the amount of antibody you have in your blood for the bacteria that causes theErliquiosis.

If you live in an area where ticks are common, your doctor may start you on antibiotics before the results of the return because the previous treatment results in better outcome for some ticks


Treatments of Erliquiose:If your doctor suspects that you haveErliquiosisor other tick-borne disease, you will probably receive a prescription for the antibiotic doxycycline (Doryx, Vibramycin, others). You usually take the antibiotic for up to 10 days. Your doctor may take antibiotics for a longer period if you are severely ill. If you are pregnant, your doctor may prescribe the antibiotic rifampin (Rifadin, Rimactane) instead, because doxycycline is not recommended during pregnancy.

Lifestyle and Home Remedies:If you find a tick in your body, do not be alarmed. If you remove the ticketing within 24 hours of your attachment, you are unlikely to getErliquiosisor other diseases transmitted by ticks. Follow these steps for safe tick removal:



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  • Use tweezers if possible.Use a pair of flat-tipped tweezers or cover your hand with a fabric or glove to remove a tick. The saliva and body fluids of a tick can carry the same bacteria found in your mouth and the bacteria can enter your body through cuts or mucous membranes on your skin.
  • Remove the touch slowly.Take the tick by the parts of the mouth where it is attached to your skin. Pull it up and out of your skin steadily and slowly without moving or twisting. If you pull too fast or get the tick by the body, the tick will probably separate, leaving the parts of the mouth on your skin. If the parts of the tick mark rupture on your skin, remove them with tweezers. Oil jelly and hot matches are not effective treatments to remove ticks or ticks from your skin. These methods can make things worse by triggering the tick to release more of your body fluids, and this can cause an additional infection.
  • Kill the tick.After you have successfully removed the tick, kill it by placing it in an alcohol container. Do not crush the tick in your hands or fingernails because the fluids it releases may contain infected bacteria. If you want to save the tick to test in case you get sick, put it in a plastic bag or a bottle, close the container and put it in the freezer.
  • Clean the bite site.Wash the bite site thoroughly with hand or soap and water antiseptic. And, carefully, wash your hands.
  • Monitor the bite.For the next days and weeks, watch the bite site for a rash and pay attention to any signs and symptoms that develop, such as fever, muscle aches or pain in the articulations. If you notice anything unusual, consult your doctor. If possible, bring the tic with you to your schedule.

Prevention of Erythrocyte:The best way to get away fromErliquiosisis to avoid tick bites. Most ticks get caught in the legs and feet when walking or working in grassy, ​​wooded areas or covered fields. After a ticket attached to his body, he usually crawls up to find a spot to bury in his skin. You may find a tick in the back of the knees, groin, armpits, ears, back of the neck and other places.



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If you remove a tick within the first 24 hours after the attachment, you reduce the risk of infection. Although you can not avoid getting into areas where ticks are present, the following tips can make it easier to find and remove ticks before attaching your skin:

  • Wear light colored clothing.The carpegos are dark in color. Light clothing helps you and others observe ticks on your clothing before they can cling to your skin.
  • Avoid open shoes or sandals.Ticks usually live in grassy areas or fields and can attach to your feet and legs when you brush. The use of open shoes or sandals increases the risk of a ticket associated with your bare skin and is working under your clothes, out of sight of the detection.
  • Apply repellent.Products containing permethrin (Repel Permanone) often repel ticks. Permethrin is for use on clothing only. You can use DEET on your skin or clothing, but follow the recommendations on the label. For children, use a repellent containing less than 30% and use the product with caution. Do not use on your child's hands or faces.
  • Wear long pants and a long sleeve shirt.The smaller the skin you expose, the smaller the size of a brand. For additional protection, wear shirts, trousers and socks with permethrin impregnated in fabric.
  • Take off your shirt in your pants and your pants in your socks.By doing this, ticks will be less able to crawl on exposed skin. However, be aware that if the ticks get into your clothing, they will rise until reaching the exposed skin. Check your clothes frequently while you are outdoors.
  • Stay on clean tracks whenever possible.Tics prefer grassy areas and may be less common on well-beaten paths.
  • Inspect your body.Do a thorough visual inspection of your body. Be sure to check the head and neck, as the ticks will continue to rise upward until they find an appropriate location. Use your hands to feel your hair and in areas you can not see when you return from your exit or garden. Ticks can be as small as a strawberry seed, and they usually stick to hidden skin. Be sure to check all possibilities. A shower alone will rarely dislodge attached tics from the head and body.
  • Inspect your clothing and equipment.Check your clothes, backpacks and other gear when you come home to look for ticks that fit a ride. Spinning your clothes in the dryer for about an hour will kill all the ticks you've lost.
  • Do not forget your pets.Do a daily inspection for ticks on any pet that spends time outdoors.