Diseases And Treatments

Leprosy - What It Is, Causes and Treatments

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Leprosy - What It Is, Causes and Treatmentswhich we should not ignore. In additionleprosyis defined as infectious and contagious disease caused by the bacillus called Mycobacterium leprae. This disease is not hereditary and the evolution will depend on the traces of the immune system of the individual who has been infected. Transmission occurs through direct contact with untreated patients, as they bacilli through the upper respiratory tract amid nasal secretions and droplets of speech, coughing and sneeze For patients receiving medical treatment, there is no risk of transmission. So, check outLeprosy - What it is, Causes and Treatments.

Causes of Leprosy:THEleprosyis caused by the bacillus Mycobacterium leprae, an intracellular parasite that has a special affinity for skin cells and nerve cells. Infected patients eliminate bacilli through nasal secretions, droplets of speech, coughing or sneezing. Patients who have already been treated and discharged do not pass the bacillus anymore and those on regular treatment no longer do so since the first doses of the medication. Although transmissible, the

leprosyis not a highly contagious disease.

Symptoms of Leprosy:Most people who come in contact with the bacillus do not developleprosy. Only about 5% of people become ill. The greater or less resistance to the disease seems linked to genetic factors. The incubation period of the disease is extremely prolonged and variable, going from a few months to a few years. Basically, theleprosyis a cutaneous disease but can eventually affect the eyes and peripheral nerves.

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In individuals who contract the disease, the main signs and symptoms ofLeprosyare: brown spots on the skin, sometimes barely visible and with imprecise limits (lepers in Greek mean spots on the skin); feeling of tingling in the extremities; thermal insensitivity to pain and touch in these areas, which may also occur in areas of the skin apparently normal; absence of sweat secretion in these areas; lumps and plaques anywhere on the body; decreased strength muscular, etc.

The bacteria prefer to settle in the earlobe, knees, elbows and peripheral nerves. Often there are changes in the skeletal muscles and muscle tone, causing deformities of the limbs or extremities of the body such as nose and ears. Formerly theleprosycaused many mutilations. It can cause neural wounds and lesions that result in so-called "claw-hand" or loss of fingers, hands, and other parts of the body.

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The insensitivity of the affected regions prevents the patient from feeling pain when exposed to injury and this serves as a gateway to various infections. THEleprosymay manifest in different clinical forms (indeterminate, borderline, tuberculoid, virchowian), which basically indicate the severity of the infection and have implications in the choice of treatments.

Treatment forLeprosy:THEleprosyhas a cure and its treatment is performed through oral medications. This disease is treated in the health units and its treatment is free. It is available for free worldwide. In addition, several antibiotics treat leprosy by killing the bacteria that causes it. These antibiotics include:

  • Dapsone
  • Rifampicin
  • Clofazamine
  • Minocycline
  • Ofloxacin

Prevention of Leprosy:An important measure of prevention is information about the signs and symptoms of the disease, because the earlier it is identified, the easier and faster the cure will occur. Another preventive measure is the accomplishment of the dermato-neurological examination and application of the vaccine BCG in the people who live with the patients of this disease. Although transmissible, theleprosyis not a highly contagious disease.

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The best way to preventleprosyis to bring family members and people close to a patient to a pre-emptive examination. Physical therapy is an efficient contribution to the prevention of disability caused byleprosy.BCG, a vaccine that is part of the childhood vaccination schedule, helps to protect againstleprosy.When a person in a household hasleprosy,all residents should seek the health post for clinical examination and application of this vaccine.

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