Diseases And Treatments

Top 5 Causes of Gastroenteritis

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The Major Causes of Gastroenteritiswhich we should not ignore. In additionGastroenteritis, also known as infectious diarrhea, is inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract that surrounds the stomach and small intestine. Signs and symptoms include some combination of diarrhea, vomiting, and abdominal pain. Fever, lack of energy and dehydration can also occur. This usually lasts less than two weeks. It is not related to the flu, although it has been called the "stomach flu." THEGastroenteritiscan be caused by infections by viruses, bacteria, parasites and fungi. The most common cause is viruses. In children, rotavirus is the most common cause of serious illness. In adults, norovirus and Campylobacter are common.

The transmission ofGastroenteritiscan occur due to eating improperly prepared food, drinking contaminated water or through close contact with an infected individual. The test to confirm the diagnosis is usually not necessary. Prevention includes hand washing with soap, drinking water, proper disposal of human waste and breastfeeding of babies instead of formula.

The rotavirus vaccine is recommended in children. Treatment involves getting enough fluids. For mild or moderate cases, this can usually be achieved through the oral rehydration solution (a combination of water, salts and sugar). In those who are breastfed, continuous breastfeeding is recommended.

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For more severe cases, intravenous fluids may be required. Fluids can also be given by a nasogastric tube. Supplementation of zinc in children is recommended. Antibiotics are usually not needed.

Causes of Gastroenteritis:THEGastroenteritisis a disease that affects your gut (stomach and intestine). THEGastroenteritismay be caused by:

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  • Viruses (such as rotavirus or norovirus infections)
  • Bacteria (including salmonella)
  • Toxins produced by bacteria
  • Parasites (like Giardia)
  • Chemicals (such as toxins in poisonous mushrooms).

THEGastroenteritisit should only last for a few days. It usually does not require medication. It is very important to drink plenty of fluids. Older people, young children and people with a weakened immune system are at risk of developing more serious diseases.

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Symptoms of Gastroenteritis:Someone withGastroenteritismay have:

  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Nausea (sick in the stomach)
  • Stomach pain
  • Fever
  • Headaches
  • No appetite.

Diagnosis of Gastroenteritis:If you are not well with diarrhea or vomiting, you could haveGastroenteritis. A doctor can diagnoseGastroenteritisafter talking and examining him. If you are not improving, your doctor may want to do feces (poo) tests to find out what is making you sick.

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Treatments of Gastroenteritis:The most important treatment forGastroenteritisis to drink fluids. Frequent ice creams are easier for young children than a large amount at a time. Continue drinking regularly, even if you are vomiting. If you have a baby or child withGastroenteritis, it is a good idea to have them checked by a doctor for dehydration. You can get rehydration fluids from a pharmacy. These are the best fluids to be used in cases ofGastroenteritis, especially for children.

If you can not get some, or your child refuses to take them, give them diluted fruit juice (one part juice to four parts water) is reasonable. Avoid milk and other dairy products. Babies can continue to feed the milk throughout the disease, with rehydration fluid between food. Medication for nausea may be helpful; However, it may not be safe for children.

Antibiotics are rarely useful. If you are very sick withGastroenteritis, you may need to go to the hospital where you can be kept in a drip. THEGastroenteritisinfectious can spread very easily. You can get it from having contact with an infected person (or your vomit or poo). It can also spread through contaminated food or water.

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Prevention of Gastroenteritis:To reduce the risk of picking up or spreadingGastroenteritis, wash your hands thoroughly after using the bathroom or changing diapers, and before preparing or eating food. If you haveGastroenteritis, it is best to stay at home (away from work, school or child care) until the symptoms have disappeared for at least 24 hours.

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