Diseases And Treatments

Nevralgia - What it is, Causes, Symptoms and Treatments


Nevralgia - What it is, Causes, Symptoms and Treatmentsindicated for this disease. In additionNeuralgia, which can also be called neuralgia, is known for the intense, incessant and acute pain that can occur in one or more nerves of the human body.

This pain occurs due to irritations or damage that occur on the nerves that cause theNeuralgia. THENeuralgiacan be characterized in two forms: central and peripheral. The first one affects the spinal or cerebral medulla, while the second one occurs in the areas around (periphery) of the central ones.What is Neuralgia:It's calledNeuralgia(or neuralgia) to a set of painful symptoms associated with injuries of peripheral nerves, among which acute pain predominates, intense and incessant sensation that is felt along the path of the peripheral nerve involved and which occurs due to irritations or damage to it nerve.

THENeuralgiais an acute pain located in the path of a nerve, caused by irritation of the nerve due to blows or lack of blood circulation. Pain is one of the most uncomfortable and disabling symptoms we are aware of.



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It brings physical and psychological suffering leading to immediate behavioral change, protecting the individual in some situations, but bringing impact on quality in the quality of life in others.

Types of Neuralgia:There are possible mechanisms that cause this pain: Malfunction of the accesses to the ion channel, ie, the nerve fibers becomeNeuralgiafunctionally sensitive, creating ectopic signs. The types of pain caused byNeuralgiacan be:

  • Central Neuralgia:Where the focus of pain is in the spinal cord or brain.
  • Peripheral Neuralgia:As the name says, it occurs in the peripheral areas of the plants.

There are several types ofNeuralgiasthat can affect people theNeuralgiasmost common are:

  • Neuralgiaoccipital;
  • Neuralgiapost-herpetic;
  • Neuralgiaglossopharyngeal;
  • Brachialgia (upper limbs);
  • Neuralgiaof the trigeminal (or facial);
  • Neuralgiaof the sciatic nerve;
  • Costalgia (in the area of ​​the ribs).

Causes of Neuralgia:All causes that irritate the peripheral nerves can causeNeuralgia(chemical irritation, infections, medications, diseases such as porphyria, internal or external stresses on the nerves, trauma, etc.), butNeuralgiapostherpetic and trigeminal neuralgia are the two most common types.

In the case ofNeuralgiaof the trigeminal, the cause of the problem is almost always linked to a compression of the nerve root. Other times the pains are due to demyelination of the nerve (the nerve loses its outer protective "cape"). More rarely the causes ofNeuralgiaare tumors or arterial problems.


AtNeuralgiasare more common in the elderly but can occur at any age. AtNeuralgiasherpetic and infectious diseases occur more frequently in immunocompromised individuals.
Among the possible causes ofNeuralgia, They are:

  • Use of certain medications;
  • Diabetes;
  • Chronic renal insufficiency;
  • In many cases, the cause ofNeuralgiais unknown;
  • Porphyria;
  • Nerve pressure from nearby bones, ligaments, blood vessels, or tumors;
  • Trauma (including surgery);
  • Infections such as shingles, HIV, Lyme disease and syphilis.

Symptoms of NeuralgiaThe main symptoms ofNeuralgiathey are constant pains and, when touched, they get worse. In addition, there is the burning sensation. The affected nerve becomes more sensitive, causing weakness or even paralysis of the muscles innervated by the affected nerve.

Depending on the nerve, pains in the teeth, forehead and even the eyeball may arise. The following symptoms are the most common to appear:

  • Absence of visible lesion at the pain site;
  • Absence of sweating;
  • Loss of muscle mass;
  • Shock / stuck / burn pain;
  • Poor response to analgesics;
  • Swelling;
  • Acute and intense pain;
  • Loss of tendon reflexes;
  • Increased sensitivity;
  • Redness.

Treatments For Neuralgia:The treatment ofNeuralgiadepends a lot on the cause of the problem. In general, theNeuralgiasdo not respond well to common analgesics and anti-inflammatories. As the nature of the symptom is neurological, the medications must be specific to act on the nerve itself, either to prevent it or to remedy the pain after its onset.

When the cause is determined the treatment should be moved to the cause of the problem. There are surgical options in selected cases, especially in compression. The ideal is a specialist assessment to customize the best treatment case by case.


The goal of treatment forNeuralgiais the reversal of the picture and the control of pain. Depending on the cause, a specific treatment is given. If there is no finding of the cause, the situation itself may improve and even disappear over time.

Sometimes surgery is necessary to clear some element or factor that is causing some pressure on the nerve, bones, ligaments, blood vessels or even tumors that exist in the area peripheral



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May Be Indicated For Neuralgia:Over-the-counter pain relievers; narcotic analgesics for the relief of very intense pain; anticonvulsants; antidepressants; topical creams. local injections for pain relief; physiotherapy; radiofrequency ablation, heat, compression balloon; injection to decrease local sensitivity. Other alternatives such as the motor cortex stimulus (MCS). An electrode is placed over a part of the brain and connected to a pulse generator under the skin.