All About Cellulite: Types, Causes, Treatment and Tips

Cellulitis is a skin disorder, often described as a "orange peel" "Mattress" or "dimples" in the thighs, buttocks, and sometimes in the lower abdomen of women healthy. Although some men may have it, 90-98% of cases of cellulite occur in women. The name originated from the French medical literature, 150 years ago. The original name, cellulite, implies that it is a disease. But years of study today disapprove of this theory.

In fact, some of the scientific literature refers to this condition of skin alteration as the so-called "cellulites". This article presents a comprehensive review on cellulite, answering many questions, discussing causes and treatment, and providing some realistic tips on minimizing your appearance.

What is cellulite?

To better understand what cellulite is, let's begin the explanation with a review of the anatomy of the skin. The outermost layer of the skin is called the epidermis. Immediately below, lies the dermis, which is richly filled with hair follicles, sweat glands, blood vessels, nerve receptors and connective tissues.

The next layer of tissue is the first of three layers of subcutaneous fat. This is precisely where our discussion will focus, to describe cellulite. The outermost layer of the subcutaneous fat has been described as "fat reservoir cells" (adipocytes), separated by connective tissue. From these fat reservoir cells, small portions project into the dermis. These undulations and irregularities of the subcutaneous fat give the skin this "wavy" appearance that we call cellulite.

The reason why cellulite is rarely seen in men (obese and non-obese) is that both the epidermis, the dermis and the outermost part of the subcutaneous tissue are different in men. Men have a thicker epidermis and layers of dermal tissue on the thighs and buttocks. Even more distinctly, the first fat layer, which is slightly thinner in men, is mounted in polygonal units, separated by a connective tissue in a cross.

Differences in subcutaneous fat cell structure in men and women occur during the third trimester of fetal development and are manifested at birth. Hormonal variations between genders largely explain this divergence in skin structure. It has been shown that men born with hormonal deficiencies often have a greasy subcutaneous appearance, similar to women.

What are the Types of Cellulite?

Research has indicated two types of cellulite. The first type comes from any "depression" or "compression" of the tissue on the thighs or buttocks. An example of this is when you see that "mattress" appearance on your thighs when you cross your legs when you sit down. This is very typical of the female gender at various ages and is suggested to be due to the compression of the adipose cells below the skin. The second type of cellulite is the appearance of "mattress" or "orange peel which the woman presents in normal or lying position, which refers to as cellulite.

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What is the Dermis Connective Tissue?

The connective tissue in the dermis provides the framework, insulation and stability of the dermis layer, below the epidermis. It provides the necessary insulation and stability between the various organelles, allowing their proper function without inhibiting adjacent structures. It is primarily composed of collagen, a non-elastic tissue, with great tensile strength, base, and elastic tissue, which gives the skin the ability to extend and return to its constitution normal.

Do You Have to Be Obese to Have Cellulite?

As cellulite occurs largely due to the structural conformation beneath the skin, it is often common in very thin women. However, individuals who are overweight will often develop more pronounced cellulites, while those with less fat and more muscle definition, tend to have fewer cellulites visible.

Why does cellulite tend to get worse with age?

In women, the dermis reaches its maximum thickness at 30 years of age. Secondly, the dermal area, which is joined by connective tissue, begins to loosen as a result of the aging of elastic fibers and collagen. This allows more fat cells to project into the dermis area, accentuating the vision of cellulite. In addition, an increase in subcutaneous body fat deposition may often reflect the lifestyle of fewer exercise and changes in dietary intake.

Why is cellulite most prevalent on the thighs and buttocks?

It has been well established that women generally have a higher percentage of fat than men. For example, a healthy range of body fat, for women, is 20-25% and a healthy range of body fat, in men, is 10-15%. Female thighs and buttocks tend to accumulate more of this body fat. This type of fat deposit is characteristically called a gynoid or pear form.

Body fat is largely accumulated due to the actions of an enzyme called lipoprotein lipase (LPL). The LPL is located on the walls of blood vessels, throughout the body. It functions as a "regulatory" enzyme, which controls the distribution of fat in various deposits in the body. It has been shown that women have higher concentration and LPL activity in the hips and thighs.

Why Do not We See Cellulite in Young Women (Healthy or Obese)?

Little girls will clearly present the "dimple" and compression cellulite, because this is due to a structural mechanism. However, cellulitis seen standing or lying down is often not apparent in young women. Although there is little research in this area, one hypothesis is that hormonal changes, during puberty, are causes for this phenomenon.

What are the Most Common Myths and Misconceptions About Cellulite?

Numerous myths about cellulite have become popular in society. One of the best known will now be clarified. First of all, cellulite is not a disease. As explained above, cellulite is formed by the structure of cellular fat reservoirs, located beneath the dermis. Second, although the skin is richly vascularized with blood vessels, cellulite is not caused by troublesome blood vessels.

In addition, weakened or diminished circulation capillaries in the subcutaneous area are not causes of cellulite. Some sources have suggested that it would be a lymphatic disorder or an abnormal hormonal condition, but there is no scientific support for these claims. However, limitations in fluid transport and drainage may contribute to the onset of cellulite. Hypotheses that cellulite is a result of lack of lipolytic response of the organism, which means ability to break down fats to be used as energy, have also not been confirmed scientifically.

Is Cellulite Hereditary?

As the structure of subcutaneous fat tissue has typical characteristics in the female gender, the correct question should be, in fact, "is fat accumulation hereditary?". Although the exact percentage is not entirely clear in research, there is a significant hereditary component in the accumulation of fat.

Why Does Cellulite Affect Some People More Than Others?

There is a lot of variation in the general anatomy and anatomy of the skin, from person to person. Women exhibit unequal amounts of subcutaneous fat, as well as varying thicknesses and densities of the skin layers called dermis and epidermis.

Why Do Women Who Lose Weight Still Have Cellulite?

The fat reservoir cells do not change with weight loss. For a perfect adaptation of the skin to weight loss, it is recommended that it be progressive rather than extreme. Also, the elasticity of the skin is best until the ages of 35 to 40 years. Elastic and collagen fibers retract better in smaller volumes (of fat loss) before this chronological age.

Does Liposuction Surgery Help Reduce Cellulite?

Quite the opposite! Liposuction is not at all effective in treating cellulitis and may even worsen the wave's appearance of the skin.

Aminophylline Topical Aids Helps Reduce Cellulite?

Aminophylline, caffeine and theophylline are members of a group of biochemicals called methylxanthines, present in many cellulite creams. These biological agents can improve the body's ability to break down stored fat, a process called lipolysis. However, when applied topically, an initial challenge of any cream is that it is capable of penetrate the skin and dermis, and reach the target fatty tissues, before being absorbed by the tissue.

To be effective, these thigh creams should have sufficient concentration (in the fat layer subcutaneous) for an extended period of time, which partly explains its consequent inefficiency in the treatment of cellulitis. On the other hand, studies have shown a small reduction in thigh circumference, with the use of these creams, however, substantial changes in cellulite have not yet.

What about Retinoid Creams?

Retinoid-based creams have shown increased epidermal density of the face, when applied for years. At present, no large-scale study has been published on the topic of retinoids for the removal of cellulite.

Does any Herbal treatment work?

The basis of most herbal treatments is to improve microcirculation in the dermis area. It is interesting to note that some research has shown a slight decline in thigh circumference, with herbal treatments but with a return to normal when the application ceases.

Does Massage Help Minimize Cellulite?

Massage techniques and body manipulation are employed to increase the removal of fluids in the dermis region. These techniques do not remove cellulite, but may temporarily have some effect on reducing the amount of 'wave' appearance.

And Methods of Deep Skin Massage, Type Endermology?

Engormology (LPG, Fort Lauderdale, Fl) is a deep massage technique developed 10 years ago in France. The type of apparatus used has two rollers connected to an electric appliance. Users wear nylon stockings to lessen the amount of friction. The sessions of this treatment range from 35 to 45 minutes of slips on the skin of the hips, thighs, legs, buttocks and stomach. The small number of published research on this device shows no legitimate efficacy in the treatment of cellulite.

So What Are The Best Cellulite Tips?

Many studies have described that female athletes, who generally have low body fat, generally have less cellulite. Therefore, a restricted calorie diet plan, which can help reduce some of the underlying body fat, should be implemented. Aerobic exercise 3 to 5 times a week for at least 20 to 60 minutes helps to create a satisfactory calorie deficit.

Choose an exercise mode you like, like walking, gymnastics, aerobic dances, elliptical training, bodybuilding, cycling, swimming or step. If possible, alternate some of these aerobic exercises to regularly allow some variation to your body. Perhaps the most essential to your exercise schedule is a resistance exercise program. Subcutaneous fat rests on the muscles and, if the muscles are weak and flaccid, can contribute to the "wavy" effect of cellulite.

Although there is a better system of strings and repetitions to firm all the leg muscles, regularly include in your resistance training program the following Exercises:

  • Leg press for the buttocks and thigh muscles.
  • All kinds of squats for thighs and buttocks.
  • Exercises of adduction of hips to inner thigh.
  • Exercises of adduction of hips to the external part of the thigh.
  • Extension of legs to the back of the thighs.

From this review, it becomes clear that the causes of cellulite are much more sophisticated than simply saying that it is excess fat below the skin. It is important to note the fact that cellulite is a distinct and unique layer of subcutaneous fat, common in women. Although numerous topical treatments and involuntary manipulative techniques may seem tempting, no research supports its long-term effectiveness.

However, many studies have recorded how female athletes, who typically have less body fat, appear to have much less cellulite. Therefore, incorporating the tips of a calorie restricted diet, combined with aerobic exercise and resistance training, present the most promising results.


Have you tried any treatment for cellulite? How were your results? Comment below your experiences!

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