Also known by the name of adderall XR, Adderall is classified as a drug that stimulates the central nervous system, which is part of the amphetamine group.
In the body, this medication causes an increase in the activity of neurotransmitters such as noradrenaline, dopamine and serotonin, resulting in effects such as decreased hunger, agitation, and increased organ heart. Can we say then that Adderall's consumption is bad? Let's check what are their indications, what is the purpose and possible side effects of the medicine.
For what it is and indications
The drug is not marketed in Brazil, however, it is used abroad in countries such as the United United States, where it is sold in a controlled manner in packs of 5 mg, 10 mg, 15 mg, 20 mg, 25 mg or 30 mg.
Its indications refer to the treatment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and cases of narcolepsy, that it is a condition that causes uncontrollable episodes of sleep during the day, which may be accompanied by weakness muscular.
- See more:Foods that improve the symptoms of ADHD.
Out of the medical indications, there are people who use Adderall illegally and illegally with goal to increase concentration to have good results in tests and, in smaller cases, to lose weight.
The remedy is known as a type of dopping for students, given that it makes them more awake, sleepy and focused to spend long hours studying or performing extensive exams. Because of the same effects, professionals from competitive areas can also use the medication to stay awake all night.
Is Adderall bad?
Only the fact that the drug is marketed in a controlled manner in the United States and is not sold in Brazil can already serve as an indication that Adderall is harmful, or at least requires care. But let's begin slowly to understand how the medicine can present risks and what are they.
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First, let's look at the cases in which Adderall does harm by being contraindicated. Well, according to the package leaflet provided byFood And Drug Administration(FDA, Food and Drug Administration, free translation, regulatory agency for United States), it should not be used by patients with a history of drug abuse or who have shaking.
Other of its contraindications refer to cases of advanced arteriosclerosis, symptomatic cardiovascular disease, hypertension of severe to moderate grade, glaucoma and known hypersensitivity or predisposition to hypersensitivity to amines sympathomimetics.
The drug should also not be used during or within 14 days after the administration of monoamine oxidase inhibitors. In such cases, Adderall is harmful because it can result in bouts of hypertension.
The remedy is also not indicated in cases of arrhythmia, hyperthyroidism, schizophrenia and for people with a history of psychotic episodes.
Adderall and its side effects
But it is not only for people who suffer from these conditions that Adderall does wrong. It is important to know that the drug is associated with a number of side effects. The ones listed in the package leaflet provided by the FDA are as follows:
- Elevation of blood pressure;
- Sudden death;
- Myocardial infarction;
- Cardiomyopathy (heart muscle disease) associated with chronic use;
- Psychotic episodes at recommended doses of the remedy;
- Over-excitation of the central nervous system;
- Dyskinesia - involuntary movements;
- Exacerbation of motor and phonic tics and Tourette's syndrome, neurological disorder characterized by involuntary, frequent and repetitive motor and vocal tics;
- Stroke (Stroke):
- Dry mouth;
- Unpleasant taste in the mouth;
- Gastrointestinal disorders;
- Weight loss;
- Allergic reactions such as anaphylactic shock;
- Stevens-Johnson syndrome (severe skin problem);
- Epidermal toxic necrolysis - dermatologic disease in which the superficial layers of the skin are detached;
- Sexual impotence;
- Changes in libido.
Controlled use and uncontrolled use
The side effects mentioned above also show how the medicine can do harm to some people, even if it is used under guidance and medical supervision. In such cases, the person may still inform the physician of any adverse reactions experienced during treatment and how your body responds to the substance, in addition to receiving indications regarding the appropriate dosage and the appropriate time for the duration of the treatment.
But let's think together. If in the controlled and prescribed form of the doctor, there is a risk of going bad with the medicine, just imagine how it is risk taking him on his own to get to work all night, do or study for a test or lose weight?
In addition to the chance of experiencing the side effects presented in the previous topic, amphetamines, a group to which Adderall is a part of it, they carry risks of abuse and addiction, as reported by the medicine FDA.
This risk is considerable because when the person takes the medicine on their own and without having the actual use is likely to be made in larger doses than indicated and for a long.
There is also the danger that the person will not read the package leaflet, be in the group of contraindicated for the drug and, even so, take it. The result? Aggravate health series conditions. That is to say, to use the medicine without receiving a medical indication means to put one's life in grave danger.
Did you ever think that using Adderall is wrong? Do you know anyone who has experienced side effects while consuming it? Comment below.(32votes, average:, 2of 5)