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8 Tips on Preventing Kidney Stone

Oriental medicine adopts as a first step towards the remission of diseases to healthy food and adapted to different types of organisms, categorizing them into groups as well as lifestyles. Ayurvedic medicine emphasizes the detoxification of the organism, intestinal and hepatic, before starting any treatment. There are widely known measures to learn how to prevent kidney stone that we will learn more about below.

What are kidney stones

The size of the kidney stones varies, it can be similar to a grain of sand, or as large as a golf ball, given the proportions. They are formed when the minerals of urine crystallize, hence the term stone. These minerals can be calcium or uric acid, abundant, making it difficult to dilute it through the urine.

The way that the body individually absorbs and eliminates calcium and other substances is what determines the conditions of stone formation or not.

Other times, the underlying causes are metabolic disorders, or a kidney disease. Medications like furosemide, topiramate and xenical may also be responsible for the formation of stones, or kidney stones, according to some experts.

It can often be a combination of factors, which create an environment conducive to the formation of these calculations.

In this way, most kidney stones contain a multitude of types. And if we can identify which type predominates, it will facilitate treatment.

- Calcium Stones:are the most common type (occurs in 4 of 5 cases) in the form of calcium oxalate, found in some fruits and vegetables. However, the liver is the organ that produces most of the oxalates in the body. Therefore, avoid foods rich in oxalates, such as leaves of some raw vegetables for example

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- Stones of uric acid:these are byproducts of protein metabolism and may be the result of some genetic factors and disorders of blood-producing tissues. However, fructose also elevates uric acid, there is evidence that fructose consumption contributes to raising rates of kidney disease.

- Cystine stones:represent only a small percentage of stones, and are the result of cystinuria, an inherited disease.

Changes in your lifestyle can cause you to reduce the risk of forming them in your body. Check out some important tips on how to prevent kidney stone if you suffer from this condition:

1. Drink lots of water

The number one risk factor for kidney stone formation is not drinking enough water. Simply because there will be higher concentrations of substances, which can form stones. A very easy way to tell if you are drinking enough is to observe the color of your urine, which should be a light yellow.

  • See too:How to drink more water in your diet.

Each person has a different consumption need depending on several factors. However, the recommended dose per day for people with kidney stones is 2.5 liters. In hot and dry places, the amount should be slightly higher than this, even when increasing your physical activity.

If you drink too much, such as 5 liters, for example, serious disturbances can occur, because the body is not able to absorb such amount.

If you are taking any vitamin supplements or vitamin B supplements containing B2 (riboflavin), the color of your urine will be bright yellow, almost fluorescent yellow, and this will not allow you to use the color of your urine as a parameter for your hydration.

2. Avoid foods high in oxalates

Foods rich in oxalates are rhubarb, beets, spinach (raw), cheddar, sweet potatoes, nuts, tea, chocolate, and soy and derivatives.

This tip of how to prevent kidney stone is especially recommended for those who have stones formed by calcium oxalate, or propensity.

3. Diet low in salt and animal protein

Reduce the amount of salt you consume, and feed on non-animal protein sources such as vegetables, and replace the salt with seasonings.

4. Avoid sugar, fructose and soft drinks

A diet high in sugar can start the process of kidney stone formation. Sugar interferes with the body's mineral relationships, including the absorption of magnesium and calcium. The consumption of unhealthy sugars and soda by children is a determining factor, and explains why children 5 to 6 years old are beginning to develop kidney stones.

5. Calcium intake (watch out for supplements)

Calcium supplements, when ingested in excess, are linked to the risk of increased kidney stones because the body is only able to absorb 500 mg of calcium per meal.

Eating more than necessary, either in the form of a supplement, or through food, can develop stones. Supplements should also not be taken with iron-rich foods such as liver and spinach for reasons of distinct absorption of the body.

In the past, patients with kidney stones were advised to avoid foods rich in calcium because calcium is the main component in most kidney stones. However, there is now evidence that avoiding calcium can harm the kidneys, rather than benefiting them.

The Harvard School of Public Health conducted a study with more than 4, 00 men, and those who had diets showed a third of the risk of kidney stones, compared to those who had calcium.

What happens is that a diet rich in calcium blocks, in fact, the chemical action that causes the formation of stones. It combines with the oxalates (food) in the intestine, which prevents both from being absorbed by the blood, and then transferred to the kidneys. Therefore, urinary oxalates may contribute more to the formation of calcium oxalate crystals from kidney stones than urinary calcium.

The problem with kidney stones is that, even though they have been removed, there is a 70-80% probability that they will form again in the future. So, like most diseases, knowing how to prevent kidney stone is the best way. This fact should not be ignored, and in most cases the solution is to allow the stone to pass by itself. This can take days, weeks, in some cases.

Most kidney stones will pass by without medical intervention, but in some cases if a stone blockage of urine flow, kidney tissue damage may occur, aggressive. However, the risks are high, and doctors usually avoid these procedures to the fullest, unless there is no other choice.

6. Adequate amount of magnesium

Magnesium is responsible for more than 300 biochemical reactions in the body. The deficiency of this mineral is linked to kidney stones. It also plays an important role in the absorption and assimilation of calcium, so that if you consume too much calcium, without the amount calcium may, in fact, become toxic and contribute to health conditions such as kidneys. Magnesium prevents calcium from being combined with oxalate which is the most common type of stone found in the kidneys.

  • See more:Benefits of magnesium for health and fitness.

Green leaves, such as spinach, are excellent sources of magnesium, and one of the simplest forms of consuming them is in the form of juices, as well as beans, nuts, almonds, sesame seeds and avocados.

If you decide to use magnesium supplements, it is important to understand that your supplement is calcium. So use both. The ratio is: magnesium and calcium.

7. Avoid unfermented soybeans

Soybeans or soy derived foods can promote kidney stones in those who are susceptible because it may contain high levels of oxalate.

If you are interested in delving into the benefits of soy to health, choose fermented soybeans because after a long fermentation process, phytate (which blocks ingestion of essential minerals) and the anti-nutrient levels of soybeans (including oxalates) are reduced, and their beneficial properties become available to their system digestive.

8. Exercises

Long-term sedentarism can lead to the formation of stones, because in part, limited activity can cause the bones to release more calcium. The exercises also help solve high blood pressure problems, a condition that doubles the risk of kidney stones.

Additional references:

.
  • Harvard Health Publications September 2011
  • NKUDIC, Kidney Stones in Adults
  • Urological Research 1999, 27 (1): 77-81
  • New England Journal of Medicine Mar 1993, 328 (12): 833-8
  • Annals of Internal Medicine Apr 1997, 126 (7): 497-504

What do you think of these tips on how to prevent kidney stone that we have separated above? Do you suffer greatly from this chronic condition? Comment below!

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