Diseases And Treatments

Patellar Tendonitis - What It Is, Causes, Symptoms and Treatments

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Patellar Tendonitis - What It Is, Causes, Symptoms and Treatmentswhich we should not ignore. In addition, Also known as the jumper's knee, thePatellar Tendonitisis an inflammation of a particular area of ​​the patellar tendon, just below the kneecap, which causes pain and limitation. The tendon, the fibrous structure responsible for joining bone and muscle, is nevertheless the weakest link in case of stress overload. As such, constant and regular repetition of certain movements, especially jumping, can lead to the development of an inflammation of the patellar tendon. Hence the name of jumper's knee.

THEPatellar Tendonitismainly affects athletes of jumping sports, like basketball, handball, volleyball and some disciplines of athletics. However, it can also affect athletes from other sports, as well as people who do not play any kind of sport.

THEPatellar Tendonitis, usually caused by physical activity, is initially only noticed during exercise or after a more intense workout. However, with its evolution, the pain begins to be felt in normal activities of the day, such as sit in a chair or climb stairs, among others.

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In this article you can learn more about this problem: causes, symptoms, diagnosis and how to treatPatellar Tendonitis. Also check out a home remedy that can help in the treatment of this problem.

Causes of Patellar Tendonitis:THEPatellar Tendonitisis a more frequent problem in young adult athletes, being associated with repetitive movements of extrinsic contraction (when the muscle is contracted and elongated at the same time) of the femoral quadriceps (extensor mechanism of the knee), and the reduced flexibility of the posterior thigh muscle (hamstrings).

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As mentioned above, repeated and regular use of the heel, with the presence of the conditions mentioned herein, will lead to an inflammation of the patellar tendon in the area below the kneecap.

In addition to jumping athletes, there are still sports that cause stress in the patella tendon, which can also cause inflammation. Activities such as cycling, running, soccer, etc., can also be the cause of this problem.

Finally, there are also causes not related to sports, which may also be behind the development of aPatellar Tendonitis. People who have a misalignment in their lower limbs, such as flat feet, wider hips or valgus knees, are at greater risk of developing this problem.

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Symptomsof Patellar Tendonitis:Pain is the first symptom ofPatellar Tendonitisof the patella, usually between your kneecap and where the tendon attaches to your spine (tibia).

The pain in your knee can:

  • First, be present only when you start physical activity or soon after intense training
  • Pursue until you interfere in playing your sport
  • Eventually, it interferes with daily movements, such as climbing stairs or climbing a chair

When to Contact a Physician:For knee pain, first try self-care measures such as ice in the area and temporarily reducing or avoiding activities that trigger your symptoms.

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Tell Your Doctor If Your Pain:

  • Continues or worsens
  • Interferes with your ability to perform routine daily activities
  • It is associated with swelling or redness on the joint

How to Diagnose Patellar Tendonitis:If there is a suspicion ofPatellar Tendonitis, the orthopedic physician will make clinical observation of the symptoms and evaluate the patient's history. To complement the diagnosis, tests such as x-rays, ultrasound, or MRI are usually ordered.

The x-ray is the most common, and ultrasound is most often used in cases where there is a need for a confirmatory examination. Finally, magnetic resonance imaging is best suited for chronic cases or in preparation for surgery. After confirmation of the problem, the doctor will then define the most appropriate treatment.

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Treatments ForPatellar Tendonitis:For mostPatellar Tendonitis, the conservative treatment is effective enough to cure the problem. This includes rest and change of type and intensity of training, cryotherapy, medication and physiotherapy. Check below each of the treatment aspects for thePatellar Tendonitis.

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Cryotherapy:Cryotherapy, that is, application of ice, should be performed 3 to 4 times a day, for about 15 to 20 minutes. Applying the ice packs will help decrease inflammation and reduce pain. Do not forget to avoid putting the ice directly on the skin, so as not to burn.

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Medicines:Another way to help reduce inflammation and relieve symptoms is through taking anti-inflammatory medications and painkillers. Diclofenac and Ibuprofen, but also creams such as Reumon or Voltaren, are very useful in these cases, and may be oral or topical.

Rest For Patellar Tendonitis:Resting and changing training habits are essential to avoidPatellar Tendonitis, and thus, promote tendon recovery. The maintenance of the same exercises will continue to strain the knee and the tendon, become chronic, with greater therapeutic needs, such as corticosteroid injection, or even surgery.

Physiotherapy for patellar tendinitis:Physical therapy is an important aspect of treatment forPatellar Tendonitis, as well as help relieve inflammation and pain, will rehabilitate the tendon and surrounding musculature.

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Usually the physiotherapeutic treatment includes performing knee muscle strengthening exercise, stretching exercises and cryotherapy. It may also include performing a technique called iontophoresis and the application of a brace to the knee.

Iontophoresis consists of the application of a corticoroid drug in the affected zone, which is then stimulated with an electric charge given by a specific apparatus, in order to facilitate the absorption of the active principles. Already the strap applied to the knee will perform a certain pressure on the patella.

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In addition to the therapeutic treatment, it is still fundamental that patients be instructed to always perform stretching before and after physical activity. Taking into account the characteristics of this type ofPatellar Tendonitis, the most appropriate exercises are those that lengthen the flexor muscles in the posterior and anterior sides of the thigh.

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