Diseases And Treatments

Parrot fever - Causes, Symptoms and Treatments


Parrot fever - Causes, Symptoms and Treatmentswhich we should not ignore. In additionparrot feveris a rare infection caused by Chlamydia psittaci, a specific type of bacteria. The infection is also known as parrot disease and psittacosis. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), BRAZIL has received fewer than 10 human cases ofparrot feverper year since 2010. However, many cases may be undiagnosed or unreported because the symptoms are similar to those of other diseases.

As the name suggests, the disease is acquired from birds. But parrots are not the only culprits. Other wild birds and pets can also carry the infection and pass it on to humans.

THEparrot feverhas been reported in countries such as Argentina, Australia and England. It can be found anywhere where birds are kept as pets or in large confined populations (such as poultry farms). It is more common in tropical environments.



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Contraction of Parrot Fever:In most cases, humansparrot feverincluding:

  • Parrots;
  • Chickens;
  • Turkeys;
  • Pigeons;
  • Parakeets;
  • Ducks;

You can get theparrot fevermanipulating an infected bird or breathing fine particles of your urine, feces or other body excretions. You can also become infected if the bird bites you or "kisses" you by touching your beak in your mouth.


Catching the disease of an infected person is also possible, but very rare. This can occur when you inhale the fine droplets that are sprayed into the air when the sick person coughs.

Recognizing a Bird with Parrot Fever:Infected birds do not necessarily present symptoms. They may also carry the bacteria for months before external signs appear. Just because a bird does not look or act sick does not mean it is not infected. Infected birds may tremble or have difficulty breathing. Other symptoms include:

  • Discharge of the eyes or nose;
  • diarrhea;
  • Discolored excreta (urine or faeces) in various shades of green;
  • weight loss;
  • Lethargy and drowsiness;
  • The sick bird can eat less or even stop eating altogether;

Symptoms of Parrot Fever:In people, this disease usually resembles the flu or pneumonia. Symptoms usually begin approximately 10 days after exposure, but may take up to four days or up to 19 days to appear. THEparrot feverhas many of the symptoms you can associate with the flu, including:

  • Fever and chills;
  • nausea and vomiting;
  • Joint pain and Muscle;
  • weakness;
  • fatigue;
  • Cough (typically dry);

Other possible symptoms, which may not be flu-like, include chest pain, shortness of breath, and sensitivity to light.


In rare cases, the disease can cause inflammation of various internal organs. These include the brain, liver and parts of the heart. This can also lead to decreased lung function and pneumonia. Diseases that have symptoms similar toparrot feverinclude:

  • Brucellosis, a bacterial infection that is usually found in cattle, but can be transmitted to humans;
  • Tularemia, a rare disease (typically found in rabbits and rodents) that can be transmitted to humans through a tick bite, an infected fly or contact with the small mammal infected;
  • Infective endocarditis;
  • the flu;
  • tuberculosis;
  • pneumonia;
  • Q fever, another type of bacterial infection;

Diagnosing Parrot Fever:Since theparrot feveris such a rare condition, your doctor may not suspect this disease at first. Be sure to tell your doctor if you have recently been exposed to potentially sick birds or if you work at a pet store. veterinary office, poultry processing plant or any other place of work that birds.


To diagnoseparrot fever, your doctor will usually perform several tests. Blood and sputum cultures can reveal if you have the type of bacteria that causes this infection. A chest X-ray may show the pneumonia that is sometimes caused by the disease.

Your doctor will ask for an antibody titer test to see if you have antibodies against the bacteria that causes theparrot fever. Antibodies are proteins that the immune system produces when it detects a foreign and harmful substance (antigen), such as bacteria or parasites. Changes in the level of antibodies may indicate that you have been infected with the bacteria causing theparrot fever.

Treatment for Parrot Fever:THEparrot feveris treated with antibiotics. Tetracycline and doxycycline are two antibiotics that are effective against this disease. However, your doctor may sometimes choose to treat you with other types or classes of antibiotics. Very young children can be treated with azithromycin.


After the diagnosis, antibiotic treatment usually continues for 10 to 14 days after the cooling of the fever.

Most people who are treated withparrot fevermakes a complete recovery. However, recovery may be slow in older people, very young or with other health problems. Still, parrot fever rarely causes death in humans who have received appropriate treatment.



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If you have pet birds, you can take steps to reduce your chances of contractingparrot fever. These include cleaning your cages every day and taking good care of your birds to help prevent them from getting sick.


Feed your birds properly and give enough space so they are not crowded in the cage. If you have more than one cage, make sure the cages are far away, so that the feces and other issues can not be transferred between them.

If you get a new bird, make it look for a vet. It is good to isolate the bird and monitor it for illness for at least 30 days before allowing it to contact other birds.

If you see a sick or dead bird (be it wild or a pet), you should not touch it. Contact the city's animal control service to remove a dead wild bird.



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If it is a pet, you should exercise caution when touching or moving it. Wear gloves and face mask to avoid breathing bacteria, feather dusts or other debris. You should also disinfect the cage and all the equipment the bird used to prevent infections or reinfections.