Diseases And Treatments

Cancer of Thymus - What it is, Causes, Symptoms and Treatments

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Cancer of Thymus - What it is, Causes, Symptoms and Treatmentsand much more is what you will learn from now, so continue with us and find out everything about theThyroid Cancer, a disease that kills more Brazilians every day. In addition, theThyroid Canceris a rare type of neoplasm.

The thymus has different types of cells, which can produce different types of cancer: epithelial cells, lymphocytes and Kulchitsky cells or neuroendocrine. Thymomas and thymic carcinomas are tumors that start from the thymus epithelial cells. In the past, thymomas were divided into benign and malignant according to their development and spread to other tissues or organs. Currently, all thymomas are considered to be potentially carcinogenic.

Signs and Symptoms of Thymus Cancer:Many thymus tumors can be diagnosed on radiographs performed for some other reason before patient has any complaint or when the patient goes to the doctor for presenting certain signs and symptoms. These signs and symptoms may be related to the tumor itself or may be due to a paraneoplastic syndrome.

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Although these signs and symptoms ofThyroid Cancercan be caused by tumors of the thymus, may also be due to other pathologies. If you have any of the signs and symptoms listed below, seek medical advice immediately so that the cause can be diagnosed and, if necessary, initiated.

Symptoms Caused by Thymus Cancer:Thymus tumors may press nearby structures, causing symptoms such as:

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  • Shortness of breath.
  • Cough.
  • Chest pain.
  • Deglutition problems.
  • Loss of appetite.
  • Weight loss.

The thymus is located near the superior vena cava, the main blood vessel that carries blood from the upper body and head to the heart. TheThyroid Cancerwhich press on this vessel may cause what is termed superior vena cava syndrome, which may include:

  • Swelling in the face, neck and upper chest.
  • Swelling of the veins that may become visible in this part of the body.
  • Headaches.
  • Feeling dizzy.

Paraneoplastic Syndrome

This condition is related to theThyroid Cancer, but it is not the direct cause of the tumor mass. For example, people with thymomas may develop autoimmune diseases, where the immune system begins to attack the body itself. Part of the normal function of the thymus is to help keep the immune system active, which may help explain why this happens.

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Myasthenia Gravis:From 30% to 65% of people with thymomas also have myasthenia gravis, which is the most common autoimmune disease associated with thymoma. In this disease, the immune system produces antibodies that block the chemical signals that make the muscles move, causing severe muscle weakness. People with myasthenia gravis get tired easily. Although patients have decreased muscle strength throughout the body, symptoms caused by weak muscles in the eyes, neck and thorax may be the most troublesome.

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Weakness in the eye muscles can cause blurred or double vision and drooping eyelids, while weak neck muscles can lead to problems with swallowing. Weakness of the pectoral muscles and diaphragm can cause breathing problems and shortness of breath. Myasthenia gravis can be treated with removal of the thymus or with medications.

Red Cell Aplasia:Red cell aplasia, in which the body's ability to produce new red blood cells is severely reduced, occurs in about 5% of patients with thymoma. Red blood cells carry oxygen from the lungs to the tissues of the body. Reduced production of red blood cells causes anemia. Symptoms of anemia may include weakness, dizziness, shortness of breath, and tiredness. The treatment forThyroid Cancerusual is removal of the thymus.

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Hypogammaglobulinemia:Hypogammaglobulinemia is a disorder in which the body produces low amounts of antibodies that fight infections, leaving the individual susceptible to them. Hypogammaglobulinemia develops in about 5% to 10% of thymoma patients. On the other hand 10% of patients with hypogammaglobulinemia have a thymoma. Unlike myasthenia gravis and red cell aplasia, removal of the thymus does not help to correct this disease.

Causes of Thymus Cancer:Some signs and symptoms may suggest that a person hasThyroid Cancer, but it will be necessary to perform tests and biopsies to confirm the diagnosis. During the consultation, your complete medical history will be asked, including information about the symptoms presented, possible risk factors, family history, and other clinical conditions.

A complete physical examination will be performed to detect possible signs of illness or other health problems. Patients withThyroid Cancer, sometimes have an increase in volume in the lower part of the neck that can be felt on the palpation. TheThyroid Cancerare often diagnosed by the recognition of signs and symptoms associated with myasthenia gravis, hypogammaglobulinemia or red cell aplasia. If the signs and symptoms presented suggest that the patient may haveThyroid Cancer, imaging, laboratory and biopsies will be requested for diagnostic confirmation and staging of the disease.

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Symptoms of Thymus Cancer:The main symptoms ofThyroid Cancerare persistent cough, chest pain and difficulty breathing, but other symptoms include:

  • Constant weakness;
  • Swelling of the face or arms;
  • Difficulty swallowing;
  • Double vision.

Symptoms ofThyroid Cancerare rare, being more frequent in cases ofThyroid Cancermalignant, due to the tumor spreading to other organs.

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Treatments of Thymus Cancer:After the diagnosis and staging of the disease, the doctor will discuss the treatment options with the patient. Important factors in the choice of therapy include the type of tumor, the staging, whether it is operable, and the general state of health of the patient. As theThyroid Cancerit is often difficult to predict accurately the effectiveness of treatment strategies and in many cases the best way to treat this type of cancer is still unclear. The main treatments forThyroid Cancerare surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy.

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Depending on the treatment options defined for each patient, the medical team should be trained by specialists such as thoracic surgeon, pulmonologist, oncologist, neurologist, and radiotherapist But many others may be involved during treatment, such as nurses, nutritionists, physiotherapists, social workers and psychologists. It is important that all treatment options are discussed with your doctor, as well as your possible side effects, to help make the decision that best suits the needs of each patient.

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