Diseases And Treatments

Hyperglycemia - Causes, Symptoms and Treatments


Hyperglycemia - Causes, Symptoms and Treatmentswhich few know. In addition, high blood sugar (Hyperglycemia) affects people with diabetes. Several factors can contribute to theHyperglycemiapeople withdiabetes, including food choices and physical activities, diseases, non-diabetes medications, or skipped or not taking enough medication to lower glucose.

It is important toHyperglycemia, because if left untreated, theHyperglycemiacan become severe and cause serious complications that require emergency care, such as a diabetic coma. In the long run,Hyperglycemiapersistent, even if not severe, can lead to complications that affect your eyes, kidneys, nerves and heart.

Causes of Hyperglycemia:Although it is usually associated with diabetes,Hyperglycemiacan be triggered by other factors, such as excessive worry and the performance of some medications.



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  • Diabetes:The most common cause ofHyperglycemiais diabetes, a disease that affects more than 10% of the world's population. In Brazil alone, 13 million people suffer from complications associated with uncontrolledblood glucoseof the blood. Diabetes can causeHyperglycemiaeither because of lack of insulin (as in the case of forgetfulness or the application of a less than necessary amount of the hormone) or because of the difficulty of the cells to "recognize" the hormone. When this occurs, there is no way for glucose molecules to pass through the cell membrane, and they eventually accumulate in the blood. In an extremely simplified way, it is as if the insulin was the valet that puts the car (the glucose) inside the garage (the cell).
  • Stress:The occurrence ofHyperglycemiawithout diabetes is also known asHyperglycemiainduced bystress. In some diseases (such as cardiac complications) and situations of great agitation and nervousness (as in discussions and extremely tense meetings), the body releases the so-called "stress hormones whose function is to leave us in a state of alert. The mechanism does not make much sense these days, but it is a legacy of times when our ancestors spent a good part of the day fleeing potential predators. Upon realizing an impending danger, the brain sends a signal to the adrenal (or adrenal) glands in order to increase the levels of cortisol and adrenaline in the circulation.
  • Medicines:Some medications, such as beta-blockers (used to treat heart complications), steroids, anti-depressants, and diuretics may cause elevated blood sugar levels.
  • Others:THEHyperglycemiait can also be caused by excess or lack of physical activity, infections (such as the flu), table exaggeration (carbohydrate-laden meals), and hormonal changes.

Symptoms of Hyperglycemia:Unlike theHypoglycemia, which has a sudden onset, theHyperglycemiabegins to appear gradually - after days or weeks. Symptoms ofHyperglycemiaare usually noticed only when blood glucose values ​​exceed 200 ml / dL. The longer the glucose stays above the ideal in the circulation, the more serious the symptoms will be. The exception may be for people with type 2 diabetes, which may take even longer to show the symptoms listed below.


Check out the Hyperglycemia Symptoms in Early Stage:

  • Presence of sugar in the urine.
  • Frequent urination (especially at night).
  • Constant thirst.
  • Blurry vision.
  • Fatigue.
  • Headache.

When hyperglycemia is not treated, ketone bodies can accumulate in the blood and urine, whose symptoms include:

  • Nausea and vomiting.
  • Shortness of breath.
  • Sweet breath.
  • Somnolence.
  • Dizziness.
  • Tiredness.
  • Dry mouth and skin.
  • Weight loss.

Therefore, if not diagnosed and treated, theHyperglycemiacan progress to a coma, also known as diabetic ketoacidosis.

Hyperglycemia Treatment:Such asHyperglycemiais often tied to a diabetes picture, talking to your doctor about ways to control the rate of sugar in your blood is critical. Among the suggestions he can give you are:

  • Physical exercises:DoExercisesregularly is a very effective way to control the rate of blood glucose. However, if you have a picture of ketoacidosis (excess ketones that appear in the urine or blood on the insulin insufficiency), do not exercise, because the activity can raise the glucose in your body even more.
  • Taking Medication Correctly:If you have recurrent insulin regimens, your doctor may re-adjust the dosage or the time it should be taken.
  • Following Your Diet:Diabetic people need a specific diet, where eating less and avoiding sugary drinks helps in controlling glucose, and a lot. If you have difficulty following this diet, ask your doctor for help or, if you prefer, a nutritionist.
  • Check the Blood Glucose Rate:Keeping an eye on your glucose level is very important. For this, one can use home appliances, not needing to go to the doctor for evaluation. The check becomes more important even when you are sick or suspicious of a Hypoglycemia orHyperglycemia.
  • Adjusting Your Insulin Dose:An adjustment of the insulin dose or the use of a short-acting insulin supplement mayHyperglycemia. Talk to your doctor about these options.


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Attention!NEVER self-medicate or stop using a medicine without first consulting a doctor. Only he can tell which medication, dosage and duration of treatment is most appropriate for your specific case. The information contained in this site is intended only to inform, not intending, in any way, substitute the advice of a specialist or serve as a recommendation for any type of treatment. Always follow the directions on the package leaflet and, if symptoms persist, seek medical or pharmaceutical advice.