Obsessive Compulsive Disorder - What It Is, Symptoms and Treatmentsmental anomaly that affects thousands of people. Besides that,Obsessive-compulsive disorderis a mental abnormality that is characterized by intrusive thoughts that produce discomfort, anxiety, apprehension, fear and worry (obsessions). For many years, mental health professionals saw theObsessive-compulsive disorder(OCD) as a rare disease, given that a small minority of patients presented this condition.The disorder was often not recognized because manyObsessive-compulsive disorder(OCD), in an attempt to keep the repetitiveness of their thoughts and behaviors a secret, avoid seeking therapeutic help. This led the researchers to underestimate the number of people suffering from the disease.
However, a survey conducted in the early 1980s by the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) research on brain, mental illness and mental health worldwide - provided a prevalence ofObsessive-compulsive disorder (TOC).
The NIMH survey showed that the disorder affects more than 2% of the population, and this means that OCD is much more common than other mental illnesses, such as schizophrenia, bipolar disorder or panic. OCD affects people of all ethnic groups. Men and women are equally affected. The social and financial costs of TOC were estimated at U $, billion in 1990.
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Causes of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder:Doctors are still not able to fully understand what is behind obsessive-compulsive disorder, but the main theories surrounding the causes of the disease relate to three factors: biology, genetics and the environment environment. Some researchers believe that OCD can be a result of changes in the body or brain of the person. Other studies point to the disturbance to a genetic predisposition - although the genes that would eventually be involved have not been identified so far.
Environmental factors, such as infections, also appear to be involved. Additional research, however, still needs to be conducted to corroborate this hypothesis. What is already known is that this disease is manifested by a set of factors ranging from hereditary to factors related to lifestyle, stress situations, fragile family structure.
Symptoms of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder: The most common symptoms ofObsessive-compulsive disorder(TOC) are:
Obsessions:These are thoughts and undesirable impulses that occur repeatedly in the mind of the individual withObsessive-compulsive disorder (TOC). It is common in this case the persistent fear that some evil can happen to him or his own, concerns groundless to be contaminated or the pressing need to do everything in an absolutely correct and perfect.
Often the individual is overwhelmed by disturbing thoughts, such as: "My hands may be contaminated, I need disinfect them! "I must have left the gas open. or "I will harm my son." Such thoughts are unwelcome, unpleasant, and generate a high degree of anxiety. Sometimes obsessions are violent or sexual in nature, or linked to illness..
Compulsions:As a result of their obsessions, most people withObsessive-compulsive disorder(OCD) incurs repetitive behaviors, called "compulsions." The most common of these is the mania of washing or checking everything. Other compulsive behaviors may include: counting mania (usually while performing another compulsive action such as washing hands), repetition, hiding money or valuable objects and incessantly rearranging the objects, so as to keep them in perfect alignment with each other. others..
Mental disorders such as repeating certain phrases, enumerating or checking something mentally are quite common symptoms. Such behaviors are usually intended to prevent any harm from occurring to the person with OCD or others. Some OCD patients have regular rituals, while others may change these rituals. Obeying rituals may provide these individuals with some relief from their anxiety, but this relief is temporary.
People with OCD present a range of criteria in their nonsensical obsessions. Often, especially when they are not effectively in a state of obsession, they may recognize that their obsessions and compulsions are unrealistic. At other times, they may distrust their own fears or believe that they make sense.
Most people with OCD struggle to eliminate their unwanted obsessive thoughts and not to adopt compulsive behaviors. Some are able to control their obsessive-compulsive symptoms for hours, especially when they are at work or at school. However, over the months or years, this resistance may weaken, and when this occurs, OCD can become so severe that their rituals takes over the life of the victims, and it is impossible for them to continue their activities outside of home..
OCD sufferers often try to hide their disorder rather than seeking help. Most of the time they can disguise their obsessive-compulsive symptoms from friends and co-workers. An unfortunate consequence of this secret is that the person with OCD will not receive professional help for years from the onset of his illness. And, by now, they have learned to lead their lives - and the lives of family members - by their rituals.
Treatments of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder:OObsessive-compulsive disorder(OCD) has no cure, but the treatment available for the disorder can help control symptoms and prevent them from further interfering with the patient's quality of life. In general, people need life-long treatment, either with medication alone or associated with other approaches such as psychotherapy. The two main treatment approaches for OCD are psychotherapy and the use of medications. However, treatment is most effective when there is a combination of the two.
Psychotherapy:Cognitive behavioral psychotherapy is considered by physicians as one of the most efficient forms of treatment for OCD, especially if combined with medications. Psychotherapeutic techniques consist in exposing the person gradually to situations in which, normally, he would resort to obsessions and compulsions to deal with. This process continues until the patient can learn healthy ways to deal with their own anxiety without resorting to these characteristics..
Medicines:Certain psychiatric medications can help control OCD obsessions and compulsions. In general, it is necessary to use higher doses than in other psychiatric disorders and also to make continuous use for a longer period of time. Antidepressants are usually used first, but other medications such as antipsychotics and anxiolytics are also used to treat or control the symptoms of OCD..
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note:There is no one who has not ever experienced compulsive behavior, but if it repeats itself to the point of harming performing routine tasks, the person may be an obsessive-compulsive disorder and needs treatment.
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