Lymphadenopathy - What It Is, Causes, Symptoms and Treatmentsto cope with this condition. In additionLymphadenopathyis any change in the size and consistency of lymph nodes, also called lymph nodes.
Lymph nodes are small defense organs located in the lymphatic vessels pathway. They filter the lymph, which can trap, destroy or retard the proliferation of microorganisms (bacteria, viruses, protozoa) and cancer cells throughout the body.THELymphadenopathymay be regional (cervical, inguinal, axillary), when the affected lymph nodes drain an infected site or affected by cancer, or generalized, when lymph nodes increase in size due to a widespread disease by the body.
AtLymphadenopathiesare diagnosed through the use of biopsy and special radiological techniques, such as lymphography. The superficial ganglia, usually palpable, are more noticeable as they increase in volume..
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THELymphadenopathyof adenopathies is multiple; its diagnosis is oriented according to the topography, the extension and the clinical characteristics. AtLymphadenopathiesmay be of infectious origin, especially tuberculosis and mycotic, and may also indicate the presence of acute or chronic hemopathy, benign or malignant. Among the latter, leukemias and lymphomas are important.
Causes of Lymphadenopathy:Infections that usually cause swollen lymph nodes, which is theLymphadenopathyinclude:.
- Skin infections;
- Tooth impacted or abscessed;
- Cold, flu and other infections;
- Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs);
- Oral ulcers;
- Swollen lymph nodes can also be caused by diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and HIV;
- Ear infection.
Cancers that frequently cause this problem include leukemia, Hodgkin's disease, or non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. However, many other cancers may also be involved. Which lymph nodes become swollen depends on the type of problem and the parts of the body involved.
Identifying the location can help determine the possible cause. Swollen lymph nodes can also be caused by certain medications (such as phenytoin used for seizures) or certain vaccines (such as immunization against typhoid).
Symptoms of Lymphadenopathy:In addition to pathological changes in the lymph nodes, additional symptoms may be observed. The nature of its existence depends on what caused the development of this pathology. In general, we can distinguish these symptoms:
- Drastic weight loss for no apparent reason;
- Sweating (especially at night);
- Increase splenomegaly and hepatomegaly;
- Excessive Fever;
- In most cases, lymph node enlargement is a marker for other complex diseases.
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Treatment for Lymphadenopathy:Primary treatment is directed to the cause; the adenopathies themselves are not treated. A corticosteroid assay is not done for adenopathies of unknown aetiology, as corticoids may to reduce adenopathy caused by leukemia and lymphoma and thus delay diagnosis, and corticosteroids may aggravate An antibiotic test is also not indicated, except when a suppurative lymph node infection is suspected..
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