What is the Best Acid for Melasma?

Let's talk about substances considered as a good acid for melasma. But first we need to understand what this condition is about, is not it?

According to information from the British Skin Foundation, melasma, which can also be called chloasma, is a condition of the skin that affects adults and causes the development of a grayish or light brown pigmentation, mainly in the face.

The problem can affect both men and women of any ethnicity, but it is more common in women and people with darker skins living in places with sunny climates, completed the foundation.

Still according to the organization, melasma is not an infection, it is not contagious, it does not arise due to an allergy, it is not carcinogenic nor it turns the skin into cancer. But then what causes the condition?

The exact cause is not known, however, various factors such as pregnancy, hormonal medications such as birth control pills and, occasionally, health conditions that affect hormone levels may contribute to the onset of the disease, explained the Foundation British Skin.

In addition, some cosmetics, especially those containing perfume, can cause melasma, completed the foundation, who also said there is research suggesting that the disease can be triggered by the stress.

The organization further explained that sunshine and tanning beds can aggravate the propensity to melasma development.

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The treatment of melasma

For some women, in cases where melasma has been developed because of gestation or birth control pills, it is possible that the disease disappears on its own.

The doctor may also prescribe topical creams or steroids to lighten the skin. If this does not work, other treatments indicated by it may be chemical peels, dermabrasion and microdermabrasion, which remove the upper layers of the skin and can help lighten blemishes dark.

Acid creams are among the most commonly used treatment alternatives for melasma. But which is the best acid for melasma or which would be the best acids for the treatment of the condition?

Kojic acid, retinoic acid, glycolic acid and ascorbic acid - also known as vitamin C - are widely used and can promote excellent whitening.

Tranexamic acid has been studied as another possibility of acid for melasma of high potential, appearing in creams in concentration of 3%, injected into the skin or ingested. Its use must be prescribed and followed by the dermatologist.

Tranexamic acid prevents the occurrence of increased plasmin, which, in high concentration, increases the chances of the person getting tainted and, consequently, the promotion of melasma.

Not all patients can achieve complete improvement

Although melasma can be treated, it is not always possible to achieve complete improvement.

Some patients even get rid of the problem completely, however, most do not reach 100%, although they can get good improvements.

The result obtained with acid treatment for melasma will depend on several specific factors of the patient.

Procedures for treating melasma do not guarantee that the problem will not recur and there are cases where the condition can not be fully cleared.

The patient may have to return to the dermatological office for follow-up appointments and follow certain treatment to reduce the risk of melasma returning, which may include minimizing sun exposure and using the protector solar.

Important care

Never forget that treatment of any disease should always occur under the guidance of a doctor - in the case of melasma, the dermatologist.

He is the one who can make the proper diagnosis of the disease, verify the characteristics and needs of the patient's chart and determine which is the best acid for melasma for each particular person.

It is not because a given drug worked for one individual that will necessarily be good for another. Different people may present different tables that require different treatments and only the dermatologist can determine what is most appropriate for each.

That is, to know what is the best acid for melasma in your case, not only in relation to efficiency, but also to safety, you necessarily have to consult a dermatologist.

It is necessary to count on the medical accompaniment also to know if there is some type of treatment that is contraindicated. For example, in the case of tranexamic acid, not all people can receive this type of product.

It is necessary for the dermatologist to check coagulation-related exams and to check previous thrombosis histories in their patients before starting treatment.

It is also essential to follow all the care indicated by the dermatologist in relation to before, during and after the procedure selected to treat melasma as a way to avoid problems, as well as the strategies that it passes to decrease the chances that the problem return.


Have you ever had an acid treatment for melasma? How were the results? Did your dermatologist prescribe what product? Comment below!

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