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High Cholesterol - Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

We know that most people's food can not be recognized as healthy. It is interesting to analyze that daily routines can have direct and indirect consequences for our health. The regular functioning of the body is not only the result of healthy choices in the present, but also later, so we can identify more and more common cases of irregularities in cholesterol levels.

He can behave as a friend or even an enemy. At normal levels, the substance can be recognized as essential for proper functioning of the whole body, but if levels rise in the blood, this can become a hazard and can create risks.then it is fundamental to understand better what it is and what actions to take in the face of high cholesterol.

What is it?

Cholesterol can be found in all cells of our body, and it has natural functions that make it important in general. It is manufactured naturally but can also be obtained through food, which induces the increase of its levels. It is waxy and fat-like.

The composition of cholesterol is similar to an oil, so it does not mix with blood.

Cholesterol can be transported by two types of lipoprotein:

  • Low-density lipoprotein( the one that is known as "bad" cholesterol, LDL).
  • High-density lipoprotein( the one that is known as "good" cholesterol, HDL) .

Cholesterol has four functions, which we could not live without:

  • It contributes to the structure of cell walls;
  • Helps in the production of digestive bile acids in the intestine;
  • Contributes to the production of vitamin D;
  • It allows the body to produce certain hormones.

The levels of LDL and HDL are important not only to the health of the heart but to the health of the body in general. A study in December 2013 raised evidence that irregularities in cholesterol levels may be associated with Alzheimer's disease.